叶绿体基因组分析在植物系统发育中的应用
The Applications of Chloroplast Genome Analysis in Plant System Development

作者: 周 会 , 李 刚 , 张 磊 , 覃 瑞 , 刘 虹 :中南民族大学,南方少数民族地区生物资源保护及综合利用工程中心,武汉; 荆胜利 :武汉大学生命科学学院,杂交水稻国家重点实验室,武汉;

关键词: 叶绿体基因组植物系统发育DNA分析技术Chloroplast Genome Plant System Development DNA Analysis Technology

摘要:
叶绿体是所有绿色植物和藻类微生物特有的细胞器结构,其基因组信息被广泛运用于比较基因组学和植物系统发育研究。本文对叶绿体基因组的结构特征,包括编码区基因如rbcLmaktrps4Ndhhf等叶绿体基因,非编码区中的间隔序列trnF-Lrps4-trnspsbA-trnH等以及内含子rpl16rps16等在内的叶绿体基因组应用于植物系统发育方面研究概况与进展进行了概述探讨了叶绿体各种DNA分析技术的原理、方法、应用及其优缺点,并展望了叶绿体基因组分析在植物系统发育中的应用前景。

Abstract:
Chloroplast is a specific organelle structure of green plants and algae microorganisms, which is widely used in comparative genomics and plant system development. In this paper, according to the characteristics of chloroplast genome, we analyzed the applications of chloroplast genes including encoding genes: rbcL, makt, rps4 and Ndhhf; non-coding region interval sequences: trnF-L, rps4-trns and psbA-trnH; non-coding introns: rpl16 and rps16. We also analyzed the principle, method, application, advantages and disadvantages of chloroplast DNA technologies in plant system development.

文章引用: 周 会 , 荆胜利 , 李 刚 , 张 磊 , 覃 瑞 , 刘 虹 (2014) 叶绿体基因组分析在植物系统发育中的应用。 植物学研究, 3, 1-9. doi: 10.12677/BR.2014.31001

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