英语新词学习认知机制的研究进展——语音工作记忆还是语音敏感性?
The Research Advance for the Cognitive Mechanism of English New Word Learning—Phonological Loop or Phonological Sensitivity?

作者: 程晓荣 , 范 炤 , 周宗奎 :青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室,武汉;华中师范大学心理学院,武汉;

关键词: 新词学习非词重复语音工作记忆语音敏感性词汇重构New Word Learning Nonword Repetition Phonological Working Memory Phonological Sensitivity Lexical Restructuring

摘要:  新词学习的两个主要理论为语音回路模型和词汇重构理论,它们分别侧重于对新词学习影响的一个方面:前者侧重于语音工作记忆,后者侧重于语音加工中的语音敏感性。研究表明语音工作记忆和语音敏感性都对新词学习有重要影响,特别是语音工作记忆直接影响了新词学习,但是语音敏感性对新词学习的影响机制仍不清楚。进一步的研究可以采用新的研究方法来研究语音工作记忆和语音敏感性对新词学习的作用机制或者把两者统和起来研究新词学习
 Two main theories in new word learning were Phonological Loop Model and Lexical Restructuring Theory. The two main theories focused on different aspects of how long-term lexical knowledge affects word learning: Phonological Loop Model focusing on phonological working memory and Lexical Restructuring Theory focusing on phonological sensitivity in phonological processing. Previous studies showed that both phonological working memory and phonological sensitivity were important to new word learning, especially phonological working memory influencing word learning directly. However, how phonological sensitivity affects word learning is still not clear. Future studies could use a new method to investigate the mechanism of how phonological working memory and phonological sensitivity affect word learning or integrate the two aspects to investigate word learning.

文章引用: 程晓荣 , 范 炤 , 周宗奎 (2014) 英语新词学习认知机制的研究进展——语音工作记忆还是语音敏感性?。 心理学进展, 4, 64-69. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.41012

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