人际信任研究视角及其心理机制
The Perspective and Psychological Mechanisms of Interpersonal Trust

作者: 赵 娜 , 周明洁 , 张建新 :中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室,北京;

关键词: 人际信任研究视角心理机制Interpersonal Trust Study Perspective Psychological Mechanism

摘要: 信任的理论研究真正始于20世纪60年代,并已得到各领域的广泛关注。目前对信任的研究视角主要是社会交换的视角、人格特质的视角、社会情景的视角、双元视角及整合的视角。从人际信任建立与维持的心理机制来看,研究者从情景交换的理论,阶段发展模型,循环增长模型及双螺旋模型进行了探讨。目前的研究还存在着一些问题,如信任与合作的定义的区分,研究结果的文化普适性及信任所关注的范围。未来的研究应该加强信任的本土化研究,并扩大信任的研究范围。
 The trust study was begun in the 1960s and had received widespread attentions in various fields. The current study of interpersonal trust is mainly on social exchange, personality traits, social scenarios, dual perspective and the integration perspectives. Researchers explored the psychological mechanisms in establishing and maintaining interpersonal trust from several theories, which are exchange of the scene, the different stage of development model, circulation growth model and the double helix model. There are still some problems in these studies, such as the distinction of the concept of trust and cooperation, the cultural universality of the findings, and the concerns of trust study. Future research should strengthen the indigenous research of trust and to expand the scope of the study.

文章引用: 赵 娜 , 周明洁 , 张建新 (2014) 人际信任研究视角及其心理机制。 心理学进展, 4, 48-55. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.41010

参考文献

[1] Brown, L.D., & Kim, K. (1998). Timely aggregate analyst forecasts as better proxies for market earnings expectations. Journal of Accounting Research, 29, 383-385.

[2] Butler, J. K. (1986). Reciprocity of dyadic trust in close male-female relationships. Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 579-591.

[3] Canary, D. J., & Cupach, W. R. (1988). Relational and episodic characteristics associated with conflict tactics. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 5, 305-325.

[4] Comrey, A. L., & Schiebel, D. (1983). Personality test correlates of psychiatric outpatient status. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 757-762.

[5] Cook, K. S. T., Yamagishi, C., Cheshire, R., Cooper, M., & Mashima, R. (2005). Trust building via risk taking: A cross-societal experiment. Social Psychology Quarterly, 68, 121-142.

[6] Deutsch, M. (1960). The effect of motivational orientation upon trust and suspicion. Human Relations, 13, 123-139.

[7] Fletcher, G. J. O., Simpson, J. A., & Thomas, G. (2000). Ideals, perceptions, and evaluations in early relationship development. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 933-940.

[8] Folkman, S., Lazarus, R. S., Gruen, R. J., & Delongis, A. (1986). Appraisal, coping, health staus, and psychological symptoms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 571-579.

[9] Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: The social virtues and the creation of prosperity. New York: Free Press.

[10] Gurtman, M. B. (1992). Trust, distrust, and interpersonal problems: A circumplex analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 989-1002.

[11] Holmes, J. G., & Rempel, J. K. (1986). Trust and conflict in close relationships. The meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington DC.

[12] Huesmann, L. R., & Levinger, G. (1976). Incremental exchange theory: A formal model for progression in dyadic social interaction. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 9, 151-193.

[13] Keelan, J. P. R., Dion, K. L., & Dion, K. K. (1994). Attachment style and heterosexual relationships among young adults: A short term panel study. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11, 201214.

[14] Kelley, H. H., Holmes, J. G., Kerr, N. L., Reis, H. T., Rusbult, C. E., & Van Lange, P. A. (2003). An atlas of interpersonal situations. New York: Cambridge University Press.

[15] Knack, S., & Keefer, P. (1997). Does social capital have an economic payoff? A cross-country investigation. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, 1251-1288.

[16] Kreps, D. (1990). Corporate structure and economic theory. In perspective on positive political economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[17] Larzelere, R. E., & Huston, T. L. (1980). The dyadic trust scale: Toward understanding interpersonal trust in close relationships. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 42, 595-604.

[18] Mulder, L. B., Dijk, E. V., Cremer, D. D., & Wilke, H. A. (2006). Undermining trust and cooperation: The paradox of sanctioning systems in social dilemmas. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2, 147-162.

[19] Rempel, J. K., Ross, M., & Holmes, J. G. (2001). Trust and communicated attributions in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 57-64.

[20] Rotter, J. B. (1967). A new scale for the measurement of interpersonal trust. Journal of Personality, 35, 651-665.

[21] Rotter, J. B. (1971). Generalized expectancies of interpersonal trust. American Psychologist, 26, 443-452.

[22] Rotter, J. B. (1980). Interpersonal trust, trustworthiness, and gullibility. American Psycholgist, 35, 1-7.

[23] Rusbult, C. E. (1983). A longitudinal test of the investment model: The development of satisfaction and commitment in heterosexual involvements. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 101117.

[24] Simpson, J. A. (1990). Influence of attachment styles on romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 971980.

[25] Simpson, J. A. (2007). Psychological foundations of trust. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4, 264-268.

[26] Welter, F., & Smallbone, D. (2006). Exploring the role of trust in entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 4, 465475.

[27] Wieselquist, J., Rusbult, C. E., Foster, C. A., & Agnew, C. R. (1999). Commitment, prorelationship behavior, and trust in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 942-966.

[28] Yamagishi, T., Kanazawa, S., Mashima, R., & Terai, S. (2005). Separating trust from cooperation in a dynamic relationship. Rationality and Society, 17, 275-308.

[29] Yovetich, N. S., & Rusbult, C. E. (1994). Accommodative behavior in close relationships: exploring transformation of motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 30, 138-164.

分享
Top