硕士研究生积极情绪与生活满意度的关系:生命意义感的作用
The Relationship among Positive Emotion, Meaning in Life and Life Satisfaction in Master Students

作者: 李娟娟 , 赵 丹 :陕西师范大学心理学院,西安;

关键词: 积极情绪生命意义感生活满意度中介作用调节作用Positive Emotion Meaning in Life Life Satisfaction Mediator Moderate

摘要: 研究目的:探讨大学生积极情绪、生命意义感和生活满意度的关系,为大学生的心理健康教育提供一定借鉴。方法:选取陕西省三所大学硕士研究生266名,用正负性情绪量表(PANAS)、中文版生命意义感问卷(C-MLQ)和生活满意度评定量表(CSLSS)进行测查。结果:男生的积极情绪和生命意义感得分均高于女生(p < 0.05),而生活满意度得分低于女生(p < 0.05);积极情绪、生命意义感和生活满意度各量表得分之间均呈正相关(r = 0.29 - 0.31p < 0.01);生命意义感在积极情绪和生活满意度之间存在部分中介效应(中介效应值为0.06p < 0.05)和调节效应(β = −0.18, p < 0.05)结论:硕士研究生生命意义感在积极情绪和生活满意度之间存在中介和调节作用。
Objective: To explore the relationship among positive emotion, meaning in life and life satisfaction in master students, and to provide reference for their mental health. Methods: Measured 266 graduates from three colleges in Shaanxi Province with the positive Sub-Scale of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Chinese Meaning in Life Questionnaire (C-MLQ) and Life Satisfaction Scales Applicable to College Students (CSLSS). Results: The males’ mean score of positive emotion and meaning in life is higher than females’ (p < 0.05), but males’ life satisfaction scored lower than females’ (p < 0.05). There were significantly positive correlation among the scores of positive emotion, meaning in life and life satisfaction (r = 0.29 - 0.31, p < 0.01); The effect of positive emotion on life satisfaction was mediated (the mediating effect was 0.06, p < 0.05) and moderated (β = −0.18, p < 0.05) by meaning in life, compared to higher meaning in life, the effect of positive emotion on life satisfaction was much stronger for less meaning in life. Conclusion: Meaning in life played a mediating and moderating role in the relationship between positive emotion and life satisfaction in master students.

文章引用: 李娟娟 , 赵 丹 (2014) 硕士研究生积极情绪与生活满意度的关系:生命意义感的作用。 心理学进展, 4, 1-4. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.41001

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