IEP在香港的发展:过去与未来
IEP Development in Hong Kong: Past and Future

作者: 曾君兰 :香港教育学院特殊教育与辅导学系,香港; 王 芾 :香港大学教育学院,香港;

关键词: 个别教学计划(IEP)有特殊学习需要学生全纳教育Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) Students with Special Educational Needs Inclusive Education

摘要:
这项研究的目的是:1) 通过对香港学校“个别教学计划”(IEP)的抽样调查,查探现有IEP文件的常见内容;2) 通过IEP问卷的定量分析评核学校行政管理层制定IEP的过程;3) 通过对教师和学校行政管理层的访问,检视IEP实践过程中参与者的经验。研究团队对十一所学校进行了访问,并收回了八十二份询问在职教师对IEP纪录、过程、实践意见的问卷。研究结果显示IEP在香港实施的合作模式、一致性、问责性及效率都有待提高。本文进一步就促进IEP在香港发展提出建议:()增加IEP目标的可衡量性;()使用更有针对性的个别化教学策略;()引入以课程为本的评估模式;()开拓与父母沟通的渠道,令他们在IEP过程中同享表达意见和期望的权利()运用最新科技量化数据管理系统及电子化沟通平台;()为以学生为本的IEP建立个案管理负责人制度。

Abstract:
By reviewing available school IEP samples, the study aims to investigate the content of IEP documentation. Furthermore, through a quantitative analysis of IEP questionnaire data with teachers and school administrators, the study also aims to evaluate IEP as a process. Finally, via qualitative interviews with parents, teachers and school administrators, the stakeholders’ experience in IEP practice was investigated. 11 school settings were interviewed and 82 questionnaires were collected from in-service teachers. Results indicated that the IEP implementation in Hong Kong can further be improved in four dimensions: alignment, consistency, accountability and efficiency; and six IEP strategic development goals are suggested: 1) The measurability of IEP objectives need to be improved; 2) The educational strategies should be tailor-made to correspond more specifically to the educational goals and objectives; 3) More curriculum-based assessment measures should be used to provide evidence-based reference for educational plan development; 4) Communication channels for parents to share their feedback and expectations need to be made available; 5) The employment of information technological techniques such as the adoption of digitalized data management system and communication platform should be optimized; 6) Last but not least, the establishment of a case- manager system for every student-specific IEP should be reinforced.

文章引用: 曾君兰 , 王 芾 (2013) IEP在香港的发展:过去与未来。 教育进展, 3, 111-125. doi: 10.12677/AE.2013.35021

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