贝氏体相变时原子的位移
Atomic Displacement during Bainite Transformation

作者: 刘宗昌 , 计云萍 , 任慧平 :内蒙古科技大学,材料与冶金学院,包头;

关键词: 过冷奥氏体贝氏体相变贫碳区无扩散热激活跃迁Supercooled Austenite Bainite Transformation Carbon-Poor Area No Diffusion Heat Activation Transition

摘要:
研究贝氏体相变过程中原子的位移具有重要理论意义。本文综合试验事实理论地分析了过冷奥氏体在中温区发生贝氏体相变时原子位移的方式,并指出在孕育期内,依靠浓度涨落,碳原子扩散位移形成了贫碳区和富碳区。在贫碳区中原子以新旧相化学势之差为驱动力,依靠热激活跃迁形成贝氏体铁素体晶核。从热力学上分析,贝氏体铁素体的形成不是切变过程,从相变动力学和扩散速度分析,也非扩散过程。贝氏体相变中,碳原子扩散,界面铁原子以非协同热激活跃迁方式形成贝氏体铁素体和贝氏体碳化物。
>It is significant theoretically to study the atomic displacement during bainite transformation. The atomic displacement mode during bainite transformation in medium temperature region was synthetically analyzed in theory. It is pointed out that, in incubation period, the carbon-poor areas come into being by carbon atoms diffusion displacement for the concentration fluctuation. In the carbon-poor area, the bainite ferrite crystal nucleus is generated by heat activation transition of the iron atoms under the driving force of the difference between the old and new phase chemical potential. From the view of thermodynamics, the formation of bainite ferrite is not shear. From the aspects of transformation kinetics and diffusion velocity, the formation of bainite ferrite is not diffusion either. In bainite transformation, the displacement mode of carbon atoms is diffusion, but that of the interface iron atoms is non-synergic thermal activation transition, which results in the formation of bainite ferrite and bainite carbide.

文章引用: 刘宗昌 , 计云萍 , 任慧平 (2013) 贝氏体相变时原子的位移。 材料科学, 3, 243-247. doi: 10.12677/MS.2013.36044

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