Valence Electrons of Metals Moveable but Free
作者: 余子山 ：徐州市农委，徐州;
After analyzing the flaws of the free electron theory of metals, it is considered that the theory transgresses against some basic laws of physics and that its scientific rationality is worth to be discussed further. By re-studying electric power, the laws of resistance force and power dissipation of electron motioning in metals are revealed and their equations are established respectively. Based on the new equations, an original viewpoint that metallic valence electrons are moveable but motioning randomly at high speeds is proposed and proved. Furthermore, the viewpoint that electrons’ motion in metals follows the Newton laws strictly is demonstrated. The new cognitions show particularly important significances. They will greatly extend the application of the classical mechanics laws in the microscopic field, destabi-lize the foundation of the free electron theory and a series of the theories which are on the basis of the free electron the-ory and produce a series of original theories.
文章引用: 余子山 (2013) 金属价电子具有可移动性但不是自由电子。 现代物理， 3， 168-176. doi: 10.12677/MP.2013.35024
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