大学生心理弹性、社会支持、心理健康的关系研究
The Relationship among Social Support, Resilience and Mental Health of College Students

作者: 刘文雯 , 徐 展 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 大学生社会支持心理弹性心理健康College Students Social Support Resilience Mental Health

摘要: 本文旨在探索大学生心理弹性、社会支持、心理健康之间的关系。采用问卷调查法,运用症状自评量表(Symptom Checklist 90, SCL90)、成人心理弹性量表(Resilience Scale for Adults, RSA)和领悟社会支持量表(Perceived Social Support Scale, PSSS)对三所高校的大学生进行了调查。研究结果表明:社会支持、心理弹性与心理健康症状均成显著负相关(p < .01),社会支持中的其他支持和心理弹性中的自我效能和社交能力维度对于心理健康起着很好的预测作用。心理弹性在社会支持和心理健康之间起到完全中介作用。

Abstract: This empirical study aims to investigate the relations among college students’ social support, resilience and mental health. We have investigated 183 undergraduate students from three colleges, using SCL- 90, Resilience Scale for Adults and Perceived Social Support Scale. The results indicate that 1) there is a significant negative correlation between social support and mental health symptom (p < .01), as well as resiliency and mental health symptom (p < .01); 2) the other support dimension of social support, and self-efficacy and social acceptability of resiliency can predict mental health significantly. Besides, resiliency exerts the medium effect between social support and mental health.

文章引用: 刘文雯 , 徐 展 (2013) 大学生心理弹性、社会支持、心理健康的关系研究。 心理学进展, 3, 32-37. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.36A006

参考文献

[1] 吴捷(2008). 老年人社会支持、孤独感与主观幸福感的关系. 心理科学, 4期, 984-986.

[2] 席居哲, 桑标, 左志宏(2008). 心理弹性(Resilience)研究的回顾与展望. 心理科学, 4期, 995-998.

[3] Armstrong, M. I., Birnie-Lefcovitch, S., & Ungar, M. T. (2005). Pathways between social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and child resilience: What we know. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14, 269-281.

[4] Dumont, M., & Provost, M. A. (1999). Provost. Resilience in adolescents protective role of social support, coping strategies, self-esteem, and social activities on experience of stress and depression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28, 343-363.

[5] Hjemdal, O., Friborg, O., Stiles, T. C., Martinussen, M., & Rosenvinge, J. H. (2006). A new scale for adolescent resilience—Grasping the central protective resources behind healthy development. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 39, 84-96.

[6] Hjemdal, O., Aune, T., Reinfjell, T., & Stiles, T. C. (2007). Resilience as a predictor of depressive symptoms: A correlational study with young adolescents. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 12, 91-104.

[7] Jordan, J. V. (2005). Relational resilience in girls. In S. Goldstein & R. B. Brooks, Eds., Handbook of Resilience in Children (pp. 79-99). New York: Academic/Plenum Publishers.

[8] Rutter, M. (2000). Resilience reconsidered: Conceptual considerations, empirical findings, and policy implications. In J. P. Shonkoff & S. J. Meisels, Eds., Handbook of Early Childhood Intervention (pp. 651- 682). New York: Cambridge University Press.

[9] Yu, X. N., Lau, J. T., Mak, W. W., Zhang, J. X., & Luie, W. W. S. (2011). Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Connor- Davidson resilience scale among Chinese adolescents. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52, 218-224.

分享
Top