A Theoretical Research on B-N-H for Hydrogen Storage Properties
The properties of B-N-H hydrogen storage materials have been studied by using the plane-wave pseudo- potential method based on the density functional theory. It begins with NH4BH4,changing the group structures though NH3BH3to[BH4][BH2(NH3)2], analyzing these three kinds of crystals according to their crystal structures and elec- tronic structures and calculating their dehydrogenation energy separately, which will provide a good theoretical basis to de- crease the dehydrogenation energy. The results show that it is all most easily to remove H from BH4 or BH3 cluster as for NH4BH4, NH3BH3and[BH4][BH2 (NH3)2], but the dehydrogenation energy of NH4BH4 is much higher than others owing to its strong localization between BH4 and NH4.In the case of NH3BH3, there exists chemical bonds between NH3 and BH3 enhancing the influence between clusters and weakening the interaction between B and N and then decreasing the dehydrogenation energy as a result. After further changing the group structure, the localization of BH4 in [BH4][BH2 (NH3)2] seems much weaker leading to a wonderful consequence to reduce the dehydrogenation energy.
文章引用: 刘蓝琦 , 赵亚芹 , 何 垚 (2013) 新型储氢材料B-N-H化合物储氢性能的理论研究。 凝聚态物理学进展， 2， 79-87. doi: 10.12677/CMP.2013.24011
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