洞庭湖流域水资源可持续利用度模糊综合评判
Evaluation of Water Resources Sustainable Utilization Based on Fuzzy Recognition in Dongting Lake Basin

作者: 周念清 * , 杨硕 :同济大学水利工程系,上海; 沈新平 , 刘晓群 :湖南省洞庭湖水利工程管理局,长沙;

关键词: 洞庭湖流域模糊识别模型水资源可持续利用评价指标Dongting Lake Basin Fuzzy Recognition Water Resources Sustainable Utilization Evaluation

摘要: 水资源可持续利用是经济和社会可持续发展的重要条件。本文以洞庭湖流域水资源系统为例,采用模糊识别模型,充分考虑洞庭湖流域水资源分布及其利用特点,选取评价指标并建立模型,得到流域内各水系近几年水资源可持续利用程度评价值。研究表明,洞庭湖流域各水系中沅江水资源的可持续利用程度最高,而洞庭湖区最低。2011年洞庭湖流域的可持续利用程度较往年有所下降,整个洞庭湖流域的水资源可持续利用程度还有较大的上升空间。研究结果对于促进流域水资源安全有效利用,经济、人口与生态环境的协调发展有重要意义。

Abstract: The sustainable use of water resources is a very important condition of economic and social sustainable development. The fuzzy recognition model is used to assess the water resources sustainable using of Dongting Lake basin in this paper. The utilized characteristics and water resources distribution of Dongting Lake basin are considered plenty. Select evaluation index and model is established, and the evaluation value of the water resources sustainable utilization is get within the river basin in recent years. The research result shows that the degree of water resources sustainable use of Yuanjiang River is the highest, while the lake area is the lowest. At the same time, the degree of sustainable use of Dongting Lake basin has declined in 2011 than in previous years. The sustainable utilization level of water resources has still a large increase space in entire lake basin. The study has significance to promote the safety and effective use of water resources, the coordinated development of economic, demographic and ecological environment.

文章引用: 周念清 , 杨硕 , 沈新平 , 刘晓群 (2013) 洞庭湖流域水资源可持续利用度模糊综合评判。 水资源研究, 2, 288-293. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2013.25041

参考文献

[1] 李飞, 贾屏, 张运鑫, 等. 区域水资源可持续利用评价指标体系及评价方法研究[J]. 水利科技与经济, 2007, 13(11): 827-829. LI Fei, JIA Ping, ZHANG Yunxin, et al. Evaluating index sys- tem and methods of regional water resources sustainable utiliza- tion. Water Conservancy Science and Technology and Economy, 2007, 13(11): 827-829. (in Chinese)

[2] 宋松柏, 蔡焕杰. 区域水资源可持续利用的综合评价方法[J]. 水科学进展, 2005, 16(2): 244-249. SONG Songbai, CAI Huanjie. Comprehensive assessment me- thod for region sustainable water resources. Advances in Water Science, 2005, 16(2): 244-249. (in Chinese)

[3] 潘峰, 梁川, 王志良, 等. 模糊物元模型在区域水资源可持续利用综合评价中的应用[J]. 水科学进展, 2003, 14(3): 271-275. PAN Feng, LIANG Chuan, WANG Zhiliang, et al. Fuzzy matter- element model for evaluation sustainable utilization of regional water resources. Advances in Water Science, 2003, 14(3): 217- 275. (in Chinese)

[4] 程乖梅, 何士华, 邹进. 水资源可持续利用动态识别研究[J]. 水文, 2010, 30(5): 53-56. CHENG Guaimei, HE Shihua and ZOU Jin. Study on dynamic identification model for water resources sustainable utilization. Journal of China Hydrology, 2010, 30(5): 53-56. (in Chinese)

[5] 张先起, 刘慧卿. 水资源可持续利用程度评价的投影寻踪模型[J]. 云南水力发电, 2006, 22(4): 8-16. ZHANG Xianqi, LIU Huiqing. Projection pursuit model applied to comprehensive evaluation of water resources sustainable utili- zation in Yunnan Province. Yunnan Water Power, 2006, 22(4): 8-16. (in Chinese)

[6] LOUCKS, D.P. Sustainable water resources management. Water International, 2000, 25(1): 3-10.

[7] BELOUSOVA, A.P. A concept of forming a structure of ecolo- gical indicators and indexes for regions sustainable development. Environmental Geology, 2000, 39(11): 1227-1236.

[8] XI, X., POH K.L. Using system dynamics for sustainable water resources management in Singapore. Procedia Computer Sci- ence, 2013, 16: 157-166.

[9] 杜守建, 崔振才. 区域水资源优化配置与应用[M]. 郑州: 黄河水利出版社, 2009: 28-30. DU Jianshou, CUI Zhencai. Optimal allocation and applications of regional water resources. Zhenzhou: Yellow River Water Con- servancy Press, 2009: 28-30. (in Chinese)

[10] 胡乃利, 管清香, 韩卫滨. 基于模糊识别的青海省水资源可持续利用评价[J]. 水利科技与经济, 2007, 13(9): 657-660. HU Naili, GUAN Qingxiang and HAN Weibin. Evaluation of water resources sustainable utilization based on fuzzy recogni- tion in Qinghai Province. Water Conservancy Science and Tech- nology and Economy, 2007, 13(9): 657-660. (in Chinese)

[11] 周惠成, 柴智平, 何斌. 基于可变模糊识别模型的大连市水资源承载能力研究[J]. 南水北调与水利科技, 2011, 9(2): 46- 59. ZHOU Huicheng, CHAI Zhiping and HE Bin. Study on water resources carrying capacity in dalian based on variable fuzzy recognition model. South-to-North Water Diversion and Water Science & Technology, 2011, 9(2): 46-59. (in Chinese)

[12] 李亚伟, 陈守煜, 傅铁. 基于模糊识别的水资源承载能力综合评价[J]. 水科学进展, 2005, 16(5): 726-728. LI Yawei, CHEN Shouyu and FU Tie. Comprehensive evalua- tion of water resource carrying capactity based on fuzzy recog- nition. Advances in Water Science, 2005, 16(5): 726-728. (in Chinese)

[13] 韩卫滨, 韩霜景, 胡乃利. 基于模糊识别的福建省水资源可持续利用评价[J]. 中国农村水利水电, 2008, 2: 67-69. HAN Weibin, HAN Shuangjing and HU Naili. Evaluation of water resources sustainable utilization in Fujian Province based on fuzzy recognition. China Rural Water and Hydropower, 2008, 2: 67-69. (in Chinese)

[14] 陈守煜. 复杂水资源系统优化模糊识别理论与应用[M]. 长春: 吉林大学出版社, 2002. CHEN Shouyu. Fuzzy recognition theory of optimization for complex water resources systems with applications. Changchun: Jilin University Press, 2002. (in Chinese)

分享
Top