网络公开课:世界范围内的知识网络与学科智库
MOOCs: Worldwide Knowledge Network and Think Tank

作者: 路翰娜 :广州市脑科医院 科教信息科,广州;香港中文大学 精神科学系,香港;

关键词: 公开课网络平台教育资源MOOCs开放源 Open Course Internet Platform Educational Resource MOOCs Open Access

摘要:

网络时代的“小世界”特性使得获取免费公共教育资源成为可能,这种革命性的学习方式正以网络公开课的形式在世界范围内成为高等教育的研究热点。近年来世界名校的网络公开课如雨后春笋般竞相开启,而大型网络多媒体课程平台的建立更是极大地整合了优质的教育资源。此举是世界范围内无数莘莘学子受益终身。印度哲人克里希那穆提曾倡导“一生的学习”,然而在网络公开课的免费教育资源平台上,分享高质量的课程不再是一个“愿望”。网络公开课真是的“免费的午餐”么?面对卷帙浩繁的公开课如何取舍?如何优化选择?本文将对关于网络公开课的这些问题进行简要的分析和讨论。

Abstract: In the age of “small-world” on the Internet, the massively open online courses (MOOCs) have become cutting-edge methods to share the free educational resource worldwide. There are hundreds of courses held by universities or other integrative platform in recent 5 years, which benefit the knowledge lovers all over the world. Just like the Indian philosopher Krishnamurti recommended “Education and the Significance of Life”, it is possible that people share the MOOCs on the internet. However, is MOOCs free meal, and how do people optimally select the course? In this article, we will discuss and analyze these considerations in the way of summary.

文章引用: 路翰娜 (2013) 网络公开课:世界范围内的知识网络与学科智库。 教育进展, 3, 105-109. doi: 10.12677/AE.2013.34020

参考文献

[1] W. E. I. Runfang. The Genesis of the British Open University: A narra-tive history. Open Education Research, 2009, 5: 5.

[2] N. E. McIntosh, J. A. Calder and B. Swift. A degree of difference: The Open University of the United Kingdom. City: Praeger, 1977.

[3] Distance learning: On the design of an open university. Kluwer Academic Pub-lishers, 1983.

[4] 王爱华, 汪琼, 姜海标. 麻省理工学院怎样做开放课程[J]. 开放教育研究, 2012, 18(3): 9-19.

[5] 高雅. 国际名校网络公开课现象的若干思考[J]. 中国成人教育, 2012, 16: 53-54.

[6] L. Johnson, S. Adams, M. Cummins, et al. The NMC Horizon Report: 2013 Higher Education Edition. 2013.

[7] 潘凌, 王国锋. 世界名校网络公开课对中国公开课建设的影响[J]. 山东社会科学, 2012, 204(8): 123-126.

[8] 张治勇, 李国庆. 对建设网络公开课优质资源的思考[J]. 高校教育管理, 2013, 7(1): 91-96.

[9] 吴维宁. 大规模网络开放课程 (MOOC)——Coursera 评析[J]. 黑龙江教育: 高教研究与评估, 2013, (2): 39-41.

[10] C. Thompson. How Khan Academy is changing the rules of education. Wired Magazine, 2011, 126.

[11] J. A. Dijksman, S. Khan. Khan Academy: The world’s free virtual school. Bulletin of the American Physical Society, Dallas, 21-25 March 2011, 56(1).

[12] S. Adams. Is coursera the beginning of the end for traditional higher education? Higher Education, 2012.

[13] C. Severance. Teaching the world: Daphne Koller and Coursera. Computer, 2012, 45(8): 8-9.

[14] D. McCarra. Coursera can turn privilege of education into a right——Daphne Koller of Coursera, which has now reached 1.6 million online students. 2012.

[15] M. Parry. 5 ways that edX could change education. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 2012.

[16] B. Smith. Perspectives: Unconventional wisdom. Change: The magazine of higher learning, 2013, 45(1): 33-39.

[17] 王朋娇, 金鑫, 林琳. 我国网络视频公开课选题和内容设计的策略研究[J]. 现代远距离教育, 2012, 6: 10.

[18] I. Tuomi. Open educational resources and the transformation of education. European Journal of Education, 2013, 48(1): 58-78.

[19] L. Johnson, S. Adams, M. Cummins, et al. The NMC Horizon Report: 2013 Higher Education Edition. 2013, 11.

[20] 杜红燕. “淘”与“逃”——大学思想政治理论课教学反思[J]. 四川教育学院学报, 2012, 1: 28.

[21] 姚利民. 中外教育家有效教学思想初探[J]. 湖南大学学报 (社会科学版), 2005, 3: 107-110.

[22] J. R. Young. Coursera Announces Details for Selling Certificates and Verifying Identities. Chronicle, 2013, 1: 14.

[23] 施振宏. 论文分类宜用《学科分类与代码》不宜用《中国图书馆分类法》[J]. 编辑学报, 2005, 17(5): 338-340.

[24] R. M. Shiffrin, K. Börner. Mapping knowledge domains. Pro- ceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Irvine, May 9-11, 2003, 101(Suppl 1): 5183- 5185.

分享
Top