Pediatric Acute Retinal Necrosis—A Case Report
Abstract: Purpose: To report an uncommon case of acute retinal necrosis in a 5-year-old girl. Methods: Case report. Results: A 5-year-old girl presented with redness, ocular pain and blurred vision present for few days on the right eye. The past medical history revealed herpetic encephalitis at the age of 1. On examination, visual acuity was 6/60 on the right and 6/6 on the left. Slit-lamp examination showed moderate anterior uveitis and vitritis in her right eye. Fundoscopy showed large areas of peripheral circumferential retinal necrosis. Under the diagnosis of acute retinal necrosis due to its typical fundus lesions, treatment with intravenous Acyclovir and topical steroid eyedrops were started immediately. Pediatric examination and laboratory testing, including immunologic tests, were normal. After 10 days, treatment was changed to oral Valaciclovir and Prednisolone. Topical treatment was tapered gradually. The response was well initially, with resolution of retinitis patches and improvement of visual acuity to 6/20 in 3 weeks. Oral steroids were gradually reduced, and original lesions completely disappeared in 4 weeks, leaving only retinal pigment epithelial change. Seven weeks later, vision dropped to counting finger on the right due to rhegmatogeous retinal detachment. Conclusion: We report an uncommon case of acute retinal necrosis in a 5-year-old girl. This patient responded well to systemic antiviral medication and steroid initially but developed rhegmatogeous retinal detachment 7 weeks later.
文章引用: 庄秋同 , 吴宗典 , 朱明嫈 , 许淑娟 (2013) 幼儿急性视网膜坏死之病例报告。 眼科学， 2， 23-26. doi: 10.12677/HJO.2013.23005
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