自我参照加工与情绪性诱词的关联性错误记忆
The Research of Self-Reference Effect on the Associative False Memory

作者: 王依楠 :首都师范大学心理系; 张 钦 :首都师范大学心理系,北京市“学习与认知”重点实验室;

关键词: 自我参照效应DRM范式关键诱词错误再认要点表征Self-Reference Effect DRM Paradigm Critical Lures False Recognition Gist Representation

摘要: 本研究结合DRM错误记忆范式(Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm)和自我参照效应的研究范式,以女大学生为被试,采用口头造句任务考察了关键诱词的情绪效价和不同参照加工条件对关联性错误记忆的影响。研究结果表明:1) 诱词的情绪效价影响了关联性错误记忆,表现为正性诱词比中性和负性诱词显示了更高的错误再认率;2) 相对于他人参照,自我参照加工具有诱发更强烈错误记忆的趋势。
The present study investigated how self-referential process influenced the associative false mem- ory for affective lures by combining the research paradigm of DRM with that of the self-reference effect. The following conclusions were drawn from the study: 1) The valence of the critical lures influenced the false memory. That is, the false recognition rate of the positive lures was higher than negative lures and neutral lures. 2) Compared to the other-referential processing condition, the recognition of critical lures has a ten- dency to increase under the self-referential processing condition.

文章引用: 王依楠 , 张 钦 (2013) 自我参照加工与情绪性诱词的关联性错误记忆。 心理学进展, 3, 227-232. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.35035

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