The Research Status and Problems on Ecology and Environment of Lake Erhai
Abstract: There are wide concerns from scholars at domestic and overseas on the ecological environment of Lake Erhai recently as a consequence of worsening status, massive and rapid development on the catchment of Lake Erhai. This paper summarizes the research status of Lake Erhai which has been collected since 1950s, analyzes the current situation of the environment (including eutrophication, heavy metal pollution, and catchment development and vegetation status) and ecology (including biological diversity, food web change, and characteristics changes of ecological system), and makes a further analysis on the meteorological factors (including temperature, precipitation and wind speed). Through those data we point out that there are some problems still exist in the research of Lake Erhai, for instance, the Cyano- phyta explosion history, the detailed research on zoo-plankton and food chain, the distinction of drive strength of multi- ple pressure on the process of eutrophication of Lake Erhai for the purpose that we can have a comprehensive under- standing of the situation on ecology and environment of Lake Erhai. In this way we can have cognitive bases for the further relative work carried out in Lake Erhai and support some constructive opinions for ecological restoration work of Lake Erhai preferably.
文章引用: 蔡燕凤 , 张虎才 , 陈光杰 , 段立曾 , 张自强 , 王熊飞 , 李华勇 (2013) 洱海生态环境研究现状及存在问题。 地球科学前沿， 3， 241-252. doi: 10.12677/AG.2013.34034
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