语言中的结果句式与徦结果句式
On Resultatives and Pseudo-Resultatives

作者: 曹祖闲 :北京第二外国语学院,北京;

关键词: 结果句式假结果句式界性事件论元同形理论vP壳结构The Resultative Construction The Pseudo-Resultative Construction Telicity Event-Argument Homomorphism vP-Shell Construction

摘要:
结果句式是一种重要的语言现象,在句法和语义研究中占有独特的地位,是语言学界研究的热点。但是,在句式上与结果句式结构相似的徦结果句式却没有引起足够的重视。本文从界性,事件论元同形理论,谓词以及vP壳结构等方面对结果句式和假结果句式进行分析,发现结果句式的谓语动词词组是活动类或者达成类动词,结果短语具有使句子具有有界性的作用,符合事件论元同形理论,谓词属于隐性创建谓词。然而,假结果句式的谓语动词词组是完结类动词,结果短语不具有使句子具有有界性的作用,不符合事件论元同形理论,谓词属于显性创建谓词。

Abstract:
The resultative construction, an important linguistic phenomenon, occupies a unique place in the study of syntax and semantics and is a hot topic in linguistics. However, people do not pay much attention to the pseudo-resultative construction which is similar to the resultatives in construction. This paper will make a contrastive study between the resultative construction and the pseudo-resultative construction from the re- spects of telicity, event-argument homomorphism, predicates and vP-shell construction. The author finds that the predicates of resultatives are activities or achievements, the result phrase of resultatives makes the sen- tence be telic, resultatives are in line with event-argument homomorphism and predicates belong to implicit creation verbs. On the contrary, the predicates of pseudo-resultatives are accomplishments, the result phrase of pseudo-resultatives do not make the sentence be telic, pseudo-resultatives are not in line with event-argu- ment homomorphism and predicates belong to explicit creation verbs.

文章引用: 曹祖闲 (2013) 语言中的结果句式与徦结果句式。 现代语言学, 1, 72-77. doi: 10.12677/ML.2013.12014

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