地下水系统的复杂性问题
An Issue about Complexity of Groundwater System

作者: 姚足金 , 秦毅苏 :中国地质科学院水文地质环境地质研究所,石家庄;

关键词: 地下水系统复杂性水文地质Groundwater System Complexity Hydrogeology

摘要:
在介绍复杂性这一科学哲学范畴基础上,作者应用实际资料和文献,论证了地下水系统不是“确定的、有序系统”,而是处在有序、无序之间的“混沌边缘(复杂性)系统”。现今的学理只是对真实地下水系统的一种粗糙的逼近。作者进一步讨论了本体复杂性与认知复杂性两者之间存在纠结关系,并提出理清这类纠结关系的技术途径。

Abstract:
Based on the introduction of the complexity in the category of scientific philosophy, the groundwater system is demonstrated a system at the edge of chaos (complexity) between order and out-of-order, but not a deterministic and order system. The present theories are just a rough approximation for the truths. The entanglement between Ontology complexity and Cognition complexity was elucidated, and the technical way to deal with the entanglement was put forward.

文章引用: 姚足金 , 秦毅苏 (2013) 地下水系统的复杂性问题。 自然科学, 1, 21-26. doi: 10.12677/OJNS.2013.12004

参考文献

[1] 尼古拉斯•雷舍尔. 复杂性——一种哲学概观[M]. 上海: 上海科教出版社, 2007: 1-253.

[2] 张人权等. 水文地质学基础(第六版)[M]. 北京: 地质出版社, 2011: 1-184.

[3] J. R. Wood, T. A. Hewett. Fluid convection and mass transfer in porous sandstones—A theoretical model. Geochimica et Cos- mochimica Acta, 1982, 46: 1707-1713.

[4] 姚足金. 华北热田的成因模式和地下径流效应[J]. 中国地质科学院水文地质工程地质研究所所刊, 1993, 9: 1-17.

[5] G. Peltzer, et al. Offsets of late quaternary morphology, rate of slip and recurrence of large earthquakes on the Chang Ma fault (Gansu, China). JGR, 1988: 93(B7): 7793-7812.

[6] 陈梦熊. 中国水文地质环境地质问题研究[M]. 北京: 地震出版社, 1998: 10-13.

分享
Top