我国公共政策执行中的央地利益博弈研究综述
The Epicenter of Interest Games between the Central Government and the Local Governments in the Process of China’s Public Policy Implementation

作者: 周 媛 :云南大学,昆明;

关键词: 公共政策央地利益博弈Public Policy Central Interests Game

摘要:
在政策执行的过程中,“上有政策、下有对策”的行为直接导致了政策执行的偏差,造成了公共资源的极大浪费和对公共利益的损害。已有文献研究指出,地方政府在政策执行过程中存在着政策替换、政策附加和政策敷衍等扭曲现象,而利益矛盾和法制缺陷是导致央地博弈的根本原因,因此,利益整合和制度创新是解决“上有政策、下有对策”问题的关键。基于学术界已有的研究成果,本文从政策执行中的央地利益博弈表现、央地利益博弈缘由以及解决“上有政策、下有对策”问题的路径探析等几个方面进行了文献梳理,并做出简要的评析。

Abstract:
In the process of policy implementation, there are some policy makers who behave wrongly di-rectly resulted in the deviation of policy implementation. This action causes a huge waste of public resources and the damage to the public interest. The existing literatures have been pointed out that, in the process of policy implementation, the local governments have distorted phenomenon such as policy replacement, policy attached, policy elaborated and so on. Interest contradictions and defects of legal system are the root causes of the interest games between the central government and the local government. As a result, interest integra-tion and institutional innovation are the keys to solve the problem that the higher authorities have policies but the localities have their countermeasures. Based on the existing academic research, this paper makes a litera-ture review and brief comments on several performances from the interest games’ performance and reasons between the central government and the local government and the countermeasures to solve the problem that the higher authorities have policies but the localities have their countermeasures.

文章引用: 周 媛 (2013) 我国公共政策执行中的央地利益博弈研究综述。 现代管理, 3, 5-8. doi: 10.12677/MM.2013.33A002

参考文献

[1] 谢炜. 中国公共政策执行过程中的利益博弈[D]. 华东师范大学法政学院, 2007.

[2] 贺庆鸿. 利益博弈视角下公共政策执行偏差问题研究[D]. 西北大学公共管理学院, 2008.

[3] 丁煌, 定明捷. “上有政策、下有对策”——案例分析与博弈启示[J]. 武汉大学学报, 2004, 6: 804-809.

[4] 游海疆. 一种解读政策执行的新视角——从政策执行博弈模型进行的分析[J]. 理论与改革, 2006, 2: 46-49.

[5] 张宇. 公共政策执行中的博弈分析[D]. 西北大学公共管理学院, 2007.

[6] 徐敏宁. 博弈视角下我国公共政策执行失灵研究[D]. 中共黑龙江省委党校, 2008.

[7] 丁煌, 李晓飞. 逆向选择、利益博弈与政策执行阻滞[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2010, 1: 15-21.

[8] 钟全仁. 我国公共政策执行中主体和客体冲突分析[D]. 东南大学人文学院, 2007.

分享
Top