抓搔症的诊断与干预
The Diagnosis and Treatment for Dermatillomania

作者: 杜建政 * , 冯朱晓 :广州大学心理学系;

关键词: 抓搔症强迫症Dermatillomania Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

摘要: 抓搔症首次写入DSM-5,被纳入强迫性障碍和相关障碍章节。抓搔症主要表现为重复性和强迫性的抓搔,并导致皮肤损伤。虽然与强迫性障碍和相关障碍有诸多联系,但抓搔症的临床表现、诊断标准和治疗方法,都与其他精神疾病有很大区别。抓搔症患者往往对自己的行为感到尴尬和羞愧,并因而失于治疗。目前,对抓搔症的治疗,主要从药物治疗和行为干预两个方面着手。

Abstract: Dermatillomania is an impulse control disorder characterized by the repeated urge to pick at one’s own skin, often to the extent that damage is caused. Dermatillomania will be written into DSM-V. Dermatillomania can cause feeling of guilt, shame, and embarrassment in individuals, and this increases the risk of self-harm. Some theories regarding the causes of dermatillomania have been proposed. The two main methods for treating dermatillomania are pharmacological and behavioral intervention.

文章引用: 杜建政 , 冯朱晓 (2013) 抓搔症的诊断与干预。 心理学进展, 3, 201-207. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.34031

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