大学生自恋的探索性因素分析
An Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Structure of Undergraduate Narcissism

作者: 王桂华 * , 訾 非 :北京林业大学心理系;

关键词: 大学生自恋阴性自恋阳性自恋Undergraduate Narcissism Negative Narcissism Positive Narcissism

摘要: 目的:初步探索大学生自恋的因子结构,区分阴性自恋和阳性自恋。方法:自编大学生自恋问卷,采用随机抽样的方法,以北京林业大学260名本科生为样本进行研究。结果:1) 通过探索性因素分析,阳性自恋由权力欲望、自我中心(需求)、自我关注构成,阴性自恋由敏感脆弱、自我孤立和贬低他人构成,共解释总变异的59.512%2) 问卷各个因子的内部一致性系数在0.618~0.812之间,且各因子与自恋问卷总分基本达到中等偏高的显著相关,相关系数在0.382~0.861之间(P < 0. 01)3) 阴性自恋和阳性自恋分别与积极情绪总分存在显著相关(r = 0.257, 0.222, P < 0. 01),阴性自恋与消极情绪总分存在显著正相关(r = 0.340P < 0. 01),阳性自恋与消极情绪总分无显著相关。结论:大学生自恋问卷具有良好的信效度,适用性良好,可以进一步作为后续研究的参考和测量工具。

Abstract: Objective: To explore the structure of undergraduate narcissism, and distinguish negative narcissism and positive narcissism. Methods: 260 undergraduates of Beijing Forestry University were surveyed by the self-made Undergraduate Narcissism Questionnaires. Result: 1) According to exploratory factor analysis, Positive Narcissism was mainly composed of three factors: authority, self-centered and self-focus. Negative Narcissism also was mainly composed of three factors: vulnerability, self-imposed isolation and subordinate others. The six factors explained 59.512% variance; 2) The Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient of the self-made Undergraduate Narcissism Questionnaires was between 0.618 and 0.812. Each factor and Narcissism total score was significantly related, the correlation coefficient was between 0.382 and 0.861 (P < 0. 01); 3) Both Negative Narcissism and Positive Narcissism were significantly related with positive mood (r = −0.257, 0.222, P < 0.01). There were positive correlations between Negative Narcissism and negative mood (r = 0.340, P < 0.01). But Positive Narcissism wasn’t significantly related with Negative mood. Conclusion: With satisfactory reliability and validity, the self-made Undergraduate Narcissism Questionnaires is a good instrument can be used in both research and practice.

文章引用: 王桂华 , 訾 非 (2013) 大学生自恋的探索性因素分析。 心理学进展, 3, 153-161. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.34025

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