北京春节烟花爆竹气象指数服务分析
Analysis of Meteorological Index Service for Fireworks and Crackers during Spring Festival in Beijing

作者: 丁德平 , 张姝丽 :北京市气象服务中心,北京; 季崇平 :北京市气象台,北京; 孟燕军 :北京城市气象研究所,北京;

关键词: 烟花燃放气象指数雾霾天气空气质量Setting off Fireworks Meteorological Index Fog and Haze Weather Air Quality

摘要:
2013年1月,北京遭遇了持续的雾霾天气,空气质量严重恶化。由于临近春节,是否应该限制燃放烟花爆竹以减轻对空气质量的影响,引发了社会各方的强烈关注和争论。2月5日,即北京市开始销售春节烟花爆竹的当天,北京市专业气象台通过媒体向社会推出了“烟花爆竹燃放气象指数”,并在春节期间通过多种服务手段对公众发布,指导市民在不利的气象条件下减少或不放鞭炮,引起众多媒体的迅速报道和正面评价。在市政府的大力倡导和广大市民的积极支持下,2013年春节期间,北京市实现了烟花爆竹销售量、火灾、人员伤情“三下降”,也减轻了对空气质量的不良影响。适时推出的“烟花爆竹气象指数”服务得到各级领导的肯定,取得了良好的社会效益。

Abstract:
Beijing suffered sustained fog and haze weather causing serious deterioration of air quality in January 2003. With the approach of spring festival, in order to reduce the impact on air quality, whether setting off fireworks and crackers should be limited has aroused strong attention and heated arguments in society. The Beijing Specialized mete-orological Observatory announced “meteorological index of fireworks and crackers” to the public via social media while fireworks and crackers started selling on February 14 in Beijing. The Index was announced to public via service means during the spring festival and guided the citizens to reduce or stop setting off fireworks and crackers under the bad weather conditions,that was swiftly reported by numerous media and got good reviews. Under the strong advocacy of government and active support of the general public, the aim of reducing sell of fireworks and crackers, fire disaster and personnel casualties in Beijing has been achieved during the spring festival in 2013, and harmful effects on air quality has also been alleviated. The timely service of “meteorological index of fireworks and crackers” gained the ap-proval of the leaders at all levels and a better social benefit.

文章引用: 丁德平 , 季崇平 , 孟燕军 , 张姝丽 (2013) 北京春节烟花爆竹气象指数服务分析。 环境保护前沿, 3, 6-11. doi: 10.12677/AEP.2013.32A002

参考文献

[1] 胡亚旦, 周自江. 中国霾天气的气候特征分析[J]. 气象, 2009, 35(7): 73-78.

[2] 饶晓琴, 李峰, 周宁芳, 杨克明. 我国中东部一次大范围霾天气的分析[J]. 气象, 2008, 34(6): 89-96.

[3] 周宁芳, 李峰, 饶晓琴, 杨克明. 2006年冬半年我国霾天气特征分析[J]. 气象, 2008, 34(6): 81-88.

[4] 徐敬, 丁国安, 颜鹏, 王淑凤, 孟昭阳, 张养梅, 刘玉彻, 张小玲, 徐祥德. 北京地区PM2.5的成分特征及来源分析[J]. 应用气象学报, 2007, 18(5): 645-654.

[5] 马雁军, 王江山, 王扬锋, 刘宁微, 洪也. 辽宁中部城市群可吸入颗粒物PM10和PM2.5的污染特征研究. 气象与环境学报, 2008, 24(5): 11-15.

[6] 王喜全, 孙明生, 杨婷, 王自发. 京津冀平原地区灰霾天气的年代变化[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2013, 18(2): 165-170.

[7] 李国翠, 范引琪, 岳艳霞, 张玉凤. 北京持续重污染天气分析[J]. 气象科技, 2009, 37(6): 656-659.

[8] 姚青, 张长春, 樊文雁, 黄鹤. 天津冬季大气能见度与空气污染的相互关系[J]. 气象科技, 2010, 38(6): 704-708.

[9] 吴兑, 廖国莲, 邓雪娇, 毕雪岩, 谭浩波, 李菲, 蒋承霖, 夏冬, 范绍佳. 珠江三角洲霾天气的近地层输送条件研究[J]. 应用气象学报, 2008, 19(1): 1-9.

分享
Top