基于GA优化的九寨沟遗产旅游可持续发展研究
Study on the Sustainable Development in Heritage Tourism of Jiuzhaigou Based on Genetic Algorithm Optimization

作者: 袁 宁 * , 黄纳 , 孙克勤 :中国地质大学地球科学与资源学院,北京;

关键词: 九寨沟遗产旅游遗传算法可持续发展Jiuzhaigou Heritage Tourism Genetic Algorithm Sustainable Development

摘要:
世界遗产代表着最有价值的自然景观和人文景观,是人类共同的宝贵财富。遗产旅游作为国际性的广域旅游活动已成为人类求取与外部世界高度和谐的最有效形式之一,研究遗产旅游的可持续发展变得尤为重要。本文以九寨沟为例,首先构建了九寨沟遗产旅游可持续发展评价的4大类(旅游经济与市场开拓能力,环境保护能力,遗产旅游基础资源,旅游软、硬件环境)与28个具体指标;然后运用非线性模型,结合MATLAB的遗传算法工具箱进行实例分析;最后得出九寨沟分类可持续发展能力与综合可持续发展能力等级。结果表明,所构建的非线性模型具有广义的普适性与可操作性,能够对九寨沟遗产旅游的可持续发展提供合理的改进。

Abstract:
World Heritage properties represent the most valuable natural and cultural landscapes, they are the common wealth of all mankind. As a worldwide phenomenon, heritage tourism has become one of the most effective forms for people to be in great harmony with the outside world. The research on sustainable devel-opment of heritage tourism is also of great significance. Jiuzhaigou UNESCO World Heritage site is selected as the research area in this paper. Firstly, an indicator system including 4 sorts (tourism economy and market development capability, environment protection ability, basic resources of heritage tourism, “software” and “hardware” conditions of tourism) and 28 factors is established. Secondly, this paper uses the nonlinear model in combination with the MATLAB genetic toolbox to analyze this indicator system. Thirdly, the grades of sustainable development capability of Jiuzhaigou can be worked out. The results show that the nonlinear model established in this paper is widely universal and operational, and measures can be taken to improve the sustainable development level of Jiuzhaigou according to the analysis.

文章引用: 袁 宁 , 黄纳 , 孙克勤 (2013) 基于GA优化的九寨沟遗产旅游可持续发展研究。 地理科学研究, 2, 38-43. doi: 10.12677/GSER.2013.22005

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