DRM范式错误记忆的通道效应
Modality Effect in False Memory in DRM Paradigm

作者: 毛伟宾 :山东师范大学心理学院; 王林松 :;

关键词: 错误记忆DRM范式通道效应视觉通道听觉通道<br>False memory DRM Modality effect Visual modality Auditory modality

摘要: Deese-Roediger-McDermott(DRM)范式错误记忆通道效应的研究发轫于对错误记忆产生机制的研究。1998年,Smith和Hunt首次研究并提出了DRM范式的错误记忆通道效应问题,即在视觉测验条件下,听觉学习转为视觉学习后会导致更低的错误再认或错误回忆,从此引发了一系列关于错误记忆通道效应的实证研究。研究者从编码与提取两个角度阐释了DRM范式错误记忆通道效应的产生机制,并分析了年龄、编码方式和注意水平等因素在错误记忆通道效应中的作用。最后指出未来研究可以从其他研究范式以及脑生理机制的角度去进一步探讨错误记忆的通道效应。

Abstract: The researches on modality effect in false memory stemmed from studying on mechanism of false memory. In 1998, Smith and Hunt firstly reported and defined the modality effect on false memory, namely there is a lower false recognition to critical lures following visual presentation than following auditory presentation, which was followed by a number of experimental studies. The researchers introduce and explain the mechanism of modality effect in false memory from the view of encoding phase and retrieval phase, and analyses roles of some factors, such as age, loudly reading, and divided attention, on modality effect in false memory. In the end, the researchers put forward that modality effect in false memory could be further studied by using other experiment paradigms and using ERP or brain imaging technology.

文章引用: 王林松 , 毛伟宾 (2011) DRM范式错误记忆的通道效应。 心理学进展, 1, 77-82. doi: 10.12677/ap.2011.12012

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