Vol.3 No.2 (April 2013)
Research on the Influencing Factors of Changsha Urban and Rural Residents’ Energy-Consuming Behaviors
Energy is the material foundation for the existence and development of human. Energy problems are closely related to the existence and development of human. The study on energy-consuming behaviors of the rural and urban residents is significant to improve energy efficiency and conserve energy resource, and it is also important to balance urban and rural development and achieve the equalization of basic public service system for urban-rural areas. 349 rural and urban residents in Changsha were investigated with questionnaires. Related data on energy-consuming behaviors and the determine factors were analyzed by using the general multiple linear regression model and Tobit model. The conclusions are: 1) rural residents are primary con-sumers of the biomass energy and coal while urban residents are primary consumers of electrical energy and natural gas in Changsha; 2) Among the influential factors, the effects of family characteristics, family wealth and resource availability on resident energy-consuming behaviors vary according to different types of energy resources; 3) The effects of the same influential factor on the same energy-consuming behavior may be dif-ferent because of the difference between urban and rural areas. Policy suggestions are advanced for optimiz-ing the urban-rural energy consumption structures, rationally developing and utilizing resources, decreasing non-clean energy use, cutting down exhaust emissions and reducing waste.
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