心理学进展

Vol.3 No.1 (January 2013)

焦虑群体在不同情绪启动下对事物认知评价的差异
Study on the Cognitive Evaluation of Anxious Group under Different Emotional Priming

 

作者:

韦洪涛 :苏州科技学院教育与公共管理学院

白大文 , 刘婉清 :苏州大学教育学院

 

关键词:

情绪启动状态焦虑特质焦虑认知评价 Emotional Priming State Anxiety Trait Anxiety Cognitive Evaluation

 

摘要:

本文采用Spielberger的《状态——特质焦虑量表》筛选被试并按照得分把焦虑群体分为高状态焦虑组、高特质焦虑组和低焦虑组,每组30人。通过E-prime软件编制的内隐和外显情绪启动下焦虑被试对事物认知评价的实验,结果表明:1) 在外显实验中,积极情绪启动条件下的认知评价明显好于消极情绪启动的认知评价;2) 在消极情绪启动条件下,高状态焦虑组的认知评价要好于高特质焦虑组;3) 在内隐实验中,消极情绪启动条件下,高状态焦虑组和低焦虑组的认知评价存在显著差异,但是低焦虑组和高特质焦虑组之间没有显著差异。但是,外显实验中,低焦虑组的认知评价要好于高状态焦虑组和高特质焦虑组。

This Research was studied through two experiments, the cognitive evaluation of anxiety under different emotional priming from two aspects of implicit and explicit. We divide the subjects into three groups and each type is 30 people. The results are as follows: 1) In explicit experiment, cognitive evaluation under positive emotional priming is significantly better than under negative emotional priming; 2) Under negative emotional priming, cognitive evaluation of high state anxious group is better than cognitive evaluation of high trait anxious group; 3) Under negative emotional priming, there is significant differences between cognitive evaluation of low anxious group and high state anxious group. In explicit experiment, cognitive evaluation of low anxious group is better than evaluation of high anxious group both under positive and negative emotional priming.

文章引用:

韦洪涛 , 白大文 , 刘婉清 (2013) 焦虑群体在不同情绪启动下对事物认知评价的差异。 心理学进展, 3, 28-33. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.31005

 

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