心理学进展

Vol.2 No.3 (July 2012)

新入监罪犯人格特征与心理健康状况
A Study on the Personality and Mental Health of New Prisoner

 

作者:

王 婷 , 何华敏 , 庄镇旭 :重庆文理学院教育学院

胡媛艳 :中央与地方共建认知与心理健康实验室

 

关键词:

新入监罪犯心理健康人格特征New Prisoner Mental Health Personality

 

摘要:

目的:研究新入监罪犯的人格特征、心理健康及二者的关系。方法:采用艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)和症状自评量表(SCL-90)250名新入监罪犯进行调查。结果:新入监罪犯与全国常模相比在SCL-90各维度上都有极其显著的差异;他们的内外向、神经质维度高于常模,精神质维度低于常模,且都存在显著性差异;新入监罪犯SCL-90各症状维度分与EPQ各维度在一定程度上存在显著的相关。结论:新入监罪犯的心理问题较严重、人格存在缺陷,人格特征的神经质与内外向维度对心理健康各个维度及总分有良好的预测作用。

Objective: This research explored the relationship of new prisoners’ personalities and mental health status. Methods: 250 new prisoners were investigated with EPQ (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire) and SCL-90 (Symptom Check List 90). Results: Compared with the normal, the scores of all factors in SCL-90 table of criminals were significant difference. Compared with the normal, the score of E, N and P were higher with statistic significant, but the score of L was lower, they were significant difference. Conclusions: There were many personality dysfunction and psychological symptoms in new prisoners; the influencing factors of psychological health of prisoners were many.

文章引用:

王 婷 , 胡媛艳 , 何华敏 , 庄镇旭 (2012) 新入监罪犯人格特征与心理健康状况。 心理学进展, 2, 116-120. doi: 10.12677/AP.2012.23019

 

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