Vol.2 No.5 (November 2012)
The Comparison of the Role of Verbal and Nounal Semantic Radicals in the Identification of Chinese Cha-racters
摘要:采用2(词类：动词、名词) × 4(启动方式：R+S+、R+S–、R–S+、R–S–)的重复测量设计，考察在启动字和目标字有相同的义符和语义(R+S+)、启动字和目标字有相同的义符和不同的语义(R+S–)、启动字和目标字有不同的义符和相同的语义(R–S+)、启动字和目标字有不同的义符和语义(R–S–)的启动条件下，对作为目标字的动词和名词的判别情况。结果显示，义符具有加快和阻碍汉字识别的双重作用，动词的识别要优于名词的识别，动词性义符比名词性义符在汉字识别中起的作用更大。
The present study used a repeated measures design of 2 (target type: verbs, nouns) × 4 (prime type: R+S+, R+S–, R–S+, R–S–) to investigate the role of verbal and nounal semantic radicals in the identification of Chinese characters. The R+S+, R+S–, R–S+, and R–S– conditions indicated that the target characters were preceded by primes that 1) shared the targets’ radicals and were semantically related (R+S+); 2) shared the targets’ radicals but were not semantically related (R+S–); 3) did not shared the targets’ radicals but were semantically related (R–S+); and 4) did not share the targets’ radicals and were not semantically related (R–S–). The experiment results showed that 1) semantic radicals had a dual function in facilitating or inhibiting character recognition; 2) verbal characters had stronger effects in facilitating character recognition than nouns; 3) verbal semantic radicals had a stronger facilitating effect than non-verbal radicals on character decision task.
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