化学工程与技术

Vol.2 No.2 (April 2012)

SAPO-18分子筛上二甲醚制低碳烯烃的催化性能研究
Catalytic Performances of Dimethyl Ether to Olefins over SAPO-18 Molecular Sieves

 

作者:

徐淑慧 , 徐照龙 , 于建强 :青岛大学纤维新材料与现代纺织重点实验室,青岛大学化学化工与环境学院

苏安银 , 郭朝光 , 张晓龙 , 李全发 :久泰能源集团科研中心

 

关键词:

二甲醚低碳烯烃磷酸硅铝分子筛稀土催化Dimethyl Ether Low-Carbon Olefins Silicoaluminophosphate Rare Earth Catalysis

 

摘要:

在固定床反应器上考察了SAPO-18和金属改性的SAPO-18分子筛催化剂上二甲醚制低碳烯烃反应的催化性能。结果表明,金属改性的SAPO-18分子筛结晶度较高。催化反应的最佳反应温度为400℃,最佳空速为DME/N2为10/100 ml/min。在该反应条件下,SAPO-18和RE-SAPO-18上丙烯的选择性总是高于乙烯。金属镍和稀土镧改性的分子筛Ni-SAPO-18和La-SAPO-18的催化性能最好,而稀土铈的添加却降低了SAPO-18的催化活性。在最佳反应条件下,Y-SAPO-18催化剂上DME的转化率达到99.3%,乙烯的选择性达到26.8%,丙烯的选择性为35.0%。

The catalytic performance of pure-phase and rare-earth modified silicoaluminophosphate molecular sieves with AEI structures were investigated by dimethyl ether to olefins (DTO) reactions. It demonstrated that the crystallinity of metal modified SAPO-18 molecular sieves is high. For the catalytic reaction, the optimum space velocity is DME/N2 = 10/100 ml/min. Under these conditions, the selectivity toward propylene is always much higher than that of ethylene in both SAPO-18 and RE-SAPO-18 used as catalysts. Moreover, the modification of SAPO-18 by Ni and La improved the catalytic activity, while the modification by Ce has a reverse effect. The catalytic activity and stability were signify- cantly enhanced especially for RE-SAPO-18. The medium acid strength, which was attained in SAPO-18 catalyst, can catalyze DTO reaction more efficiently for improving catalyst lifetime and product selectivity. At the optimum condi- tions, Y-SAPO-18 catalyst gave a DME conversion of 99.3%, together with selectivity to ethylene of 26.8% and pro- pene of 35.0%.

文章引用:

徐淑慧 , 苏安银 , 徐照龙 , 郭朝光 , 张晓龙 , 李全发 , 于建强 (2012) SAPO-18分子筛上二甲醚制低碳烯烃的催化性能研究。 化学工程与技术, 2, 48-52. doi: 10.12677/hjcet.2012.22009

 

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