心理学进展

Vol.1 No.1 (April 2011)

音乐对辨别力的影响
Effects of Music on the Recognition

 

作者:

王辉 , 牛盾

 

关键词:

情绪状态信号检测论先验概率 Emotional State Signal Detection Theory Prior Probability

 

摘要:

目的本实验探讨了情绪状态和先验概率对无意义数字串辨别的影响。方法由剪辑的3首轻音乐诱导产生愉快、中性和悲怆不同水平的情绪状态,采用信号检测论的方法进行分析。结果(1)情绪状态对个体感受性d’和主观判断标准β的影响均不显著;(2)先验概率对d’和β均无显著性影响。结论(1)个体作决策时倾向于依据个案具体信息而忽视统计信息;(2)音乐诱导情绪的效果与个体对音乐的理解程度有关,本实验并未发现音乐诱导范式的情绪效应。

Purposes: The experiment explored how the emotional state and prior probability affected the recognition of meaningless number strings. Methods: 3 music experts aroused different emotional states, including pleasure, neutrality and sadness levels. The results were analyzed using Signal Detection Theory. Results: (1) The effects of emotional state on individual sensitivity d’ and subjective judgment criterion β were not significant; (2) Prior probability had no significant effect on individual sensitivity d’ and subjective judgment criterion β. Conclusions: (1) An individual made decisions according to objective information, ignoring statistic information; (2) The emotional effect was relevant to the understanding of the individual. Under this paradigm, no emotional effect was aroused by music.

文章引用:

王辉 , 牛盾 (2011) 音乐对辨别力的影响。 心理学进展, 1, 1-6. doi: 10.12677/ap.2011.11001

 

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