Vol.1 No.3 (November 2011)
Simulation of Memory Characteristics of
Using a transient electrical model, the charging, discharging and retentive processes in a metal nanocrystal (NC) memory were simulated. In this model, the impact of Si surface potential, Coulomb blockade effect, quantum confinement effect and thermal activation were taken into account. The NC memory with larger size can be programmed faster and has the longer retention time. The retention time increases with the increase of nanocrystal size or tunneling dielectric thickness. The program time and erase time decrease with the increase of the gate voltage or the decrease of tunneling dielectric thickness. For different metal materials, the retention time, program speed and erase speed of metal NC memory are not the same. For Pt, Au, Ni and Al, the retention time of Pt NC is the largest, and the program speed and erase speed of Al NC is the fastest.
王蓓 , 程佩红 , 黄仕华 (2011) 金属纳米晶存储器存储特性的模拟。 纳米技术， 1， 49-55. doi: 10.12677/nat.2011.13010
 Y. Shi, K. Saito, et al. Effects of traps on charge storage cha- racteristics in metal oxide semiconductor memory structures based on silicon nanocrystals. Journal of Applied Physics, 1998, 84(4): 2358-2360.
 Z. T. Liu, C. G. Lee, et al. Metal nanocrystal memories-Part I: device design and fabrication. IEEE Transaction on Electron Devices, 2002, 49(9): 1606-1631.
 C. H. Lee, J. Meteer, et al. Self-assembly of metal nanocrystal on ultrathin oxide for nonvolatile memory applications. Journal of Electronic Materials, 2005, 34(1): 1-11.
 J. J. Lee, Y. Harada, J. W. Pyun and D.-L. Kwong. Nickel na- nocrystal formation on HfO2 dielectric for nonvolatile memory device applications. Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 86(10): Arti- cle ID 103505-3.
 Z. Tan, S. K. Samanta, W. J. Yoo and S. Lee. Self-assembly of Ni nanocrystals on HfO2 and N-assisted Ni confinement for nonvolatile memory application. Applied Physics Letters, 2005, 86(1): Article ID 013107-3.
 M. She, T.-J. King. Impact of crystal size and tunnel dielectric on semiconductor nanocrystal memory performance. IEEE Tran- sactions on Electron Devices, 2003, 50(9): 1934-1940.
 W. Guan, S. Long, M. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. Hu, Z. Li and R. Jia. Mo- deling of retention characteristics for metal and semiconductor nanocrystal memories. Solid-State Electronics, 2007, 51: 806- 811.
 V. Beyer, J. von Borany and M. Klimenkov. A transient electrical model of charging for Ge nanocrystal containing gate oxides. Journal of Applied Physics, 2007, 101(9): Article ID 094507-7.
 V. Beyer, J. von Borany, M. Klimenkov and T. Müller. Cu- rrent-voltage characteristics of metal oxide semiconductor de- vices containing Ge or Si nanocrystals in thin gate oxides. Jour- nal of Applied Physics, 2009, 106(6): Article ID 064505.
 K. F. Schuegraf, C. Hu. Hole injection SiO2 breakdown model for very low voltage lifetime extrapolation. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 1994, 41(5): 761-767.
 Z. A. Weinberg. On tunneling in metal oxide silicon structures. Journal of Applied Physics, 1982, 53(7): 5052-5056.
 H. I. Hanafi, S. Tiwari and I. Khan. Fast and long retention-time nanocrystal memory. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 1996, 43(9): 1553-1558.
 P. Dimitrakis, E. Kapetanakis, et al. MOS memory structures by very low energy implanted Si in thin SiO2. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 2003, 101(1-3): 14-18.
 W.-C. Lee, C. Hu. Modeling CMOS tunneling Currents through ultrathin gate oxide due to conduction and valence band electron and hole tunnel. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 2001, 48(7): 1366-1373.