Vol.1 No.2 (October 2011)
The Effect of the PD98059 on H2O2 Induced Apoptosis and Associated Proteins of Human Breast Cancer Cells
Objective: to study the effect of MEK inhibitor of PD98059 on apoptosis induced by H2O2 and its mechanisms in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Methods: H2O2 inducing apoptosis in MCF-7 cells was set to observe apoptosis and its associated proteins treated in the present or absent of PD98059. The cellular morphology was investigated by AO staining. Apoptosis ratio was analyzed by flow cytometry. The expres-sions of p53, PCNA, caspase-3, caspase-9 and Bcl-2 were observed using Western blot analysis. Results: apoptosis was observed with cells treated H2O2 for 4 or 12 h while the degree of apoptosis was greatly de-creased by 4% or 14% in MCF-7 cells treated with H2O2 and PD98059 together. There was significantly dif-ference between with the treatment of H2O2 and PD98059 in the presence of H2O2 for 12 h (P < 0.05). The increased p53, activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and decreased Bcl-2 were appeared with H2O2 treatment. However, the levels of p53 and PCNA were downregulated, the extent of caspase-3 and caspase-9 activation was decreased, and the level of Bcl-2 was upregulated in MCF-7 cells treated with PD98059 in the presence of H2O2. Conclusions: MEK inhibitor of PD98059 inhibited apoptosis by downregulating the levels of p53 and PCNA, decreasing the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 and upregulating the level of Bcl-2 in MCF-7 cells.
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