交通技术

Vol.8 No.1 (January 2019)

火车站出站口行人疏散方案优化设计分析
Optimal Design of Pedestrian Evacuation Schemes at Exit of Railway Station

 

作者:

白雪岑 , 李兴莉 , 耿中飞 :太原科技大学应用科学学院,山西 太原

 

关键词:

火车站出站口行人疏散仿真策略优化Station Exit Pedestrian Evacuation Simulation Scheme Optimization

 

摘要:

近年来人群密集的公共场所发生突发事件的概率大幅提升。本文以客流量巨大的火车站出站口为研究对象,运用Anylogic仿真软件,模拟了不同疏散方案对火车站出站口行人疏散效率的影响,并对疏散过程中的时空动力学特性进行了分析。仿真结果表明:提前将行人进行分类,让行人按类别进行疏散,可大幅度提高人群整体疏散效率;此外,合理分配不同类别行人的通道比例有助行人疏散。

In recent years, the probability of sudden events in crowded public places has greatly increased. This paper takes the exit of the railway station with huge passenger flow as the research object. The impact of different evacuation schemes on pedestrian evacuation efficiency at the exit of the railway station is simulated by using Anylogic simulation software. The spatio-temporal dynamics during the evacuation process is analyzed. The simulation results show that the overall evacuation efficiency can be greatly improved by classifying pedestrians in advance and allowing pedestrians to evacuate according to categories. In addition, reasonable allocation of different types of pedestrian access ratio will be helpful for pedestrian evacuation.

文章引用:

白雪岑 , 李兴莉 , 耿中飞 (2019) 火车站出站口行人疏散方案优化设计分析。 交通技术, 8, 38-44. doi: 10.12677/OJTT.2019.81005

 

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