心理学进展

Vol.6 No.9 (September 2016)

年龄估计中的锚定效应研究
Anchoring Effect in Age Estimation

 

作者:

李小婧 , 刘泓利 , 孟亚运 :西南大学心理学部,重庆

 

关键词:

年龄估计锚定效应传统锚定效应Age Estimation Anchoring Effect Traditional Anchoring Effect

 

摘要:

研究目的:探究年龄估计中的传统锚定效应,并检验年龄估计中可能的锚定对象。研究方法:采用MORPH人脸数据对西南大学63名年轻被试与老年被试76进行年龄估计。研究结果:(1) 年龄估计中存在传统锚定效应;(2) 个体年龄与年龄估计误差、相对误差显著相关,家人、朋友年龄与年龄估计误差、相对误差显著相关;(3) 年龄估计中存在自我锚定效应;(4) 年龄估计中存在家人锚定效应、朋友锚定效应。

Objective: The present study aims to explore the traditional anchoring effect in age estimation, and test the potential object for age estimation. Method: We conducted facial pictures from MORPH Face database to test age estimation between young participants (n = 63) and older participants (n = 76). Results: The present study found (1) traditional anchoring effect existed in age estimation; (2) significant correlations between age and estimated error as well as relative error of age estimation; (3) self-anchoring effect showed in age estimation; (4) family-anchoring effect and friend-anchoring effect existed in age estimation.

文章引用:

李小婧 , 刘泓利 , 孟亚运 (2016) 年龄估计中的锚定效应研究。 心理学进展, 6, 990-1004. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.69127

 

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