心理学进展

Vol.6 No.4 (April 2016)

同性恋的恐同内化:成因、影响及测量方式
Internalized Homophobia: Causes, Influences and Measurement

 

作者:

李龙威 :西南大学心理学部,重庆

 

关键词:

恐同内化同性恋恐同内化测量量表Internalized Homophobia Homosexual Internalized Homophobia Scale

 

摘要:

恐同内化是指的性少数成员将歧视内化到自身的一种现象,本文通过整理以往研究发现,同性恋的恐同内化的成因包括对家庭环境的影响,宗教和传统性道德的影响,恐同欺凌的影响,对女性化的偏见等方面;同性恋的恐同内化的影响包括社会身份剥夺,消极的心理状态,高风险的性行为,高羞耻感等方面;我们对恐同内化的四种测量方式进行了简要的分析和概括,并对中国的恐同内化的研究现状进行了展望。

Internalized homophobia refers to the phenomenon that sexual minority members put their fear and discrimination of gay men and lesbians towards themselves. We summarized researches con-cerning internalized homophobia and concluded that the causes of internalized homophobia were: the influence of family, the influence of religion and traditional ethics, homophobic bullying, bias toward feminine characteristic; the influences of internalized homophobia were: the isolation of group identity, negative state of mood, high frequencies of risk sex behaviors and high sense of shame; we also compared the four measurement scales of internalized homophobia and discussed Chinese research towards internalized homophobia.

文章引用:

李龙威 (2016) 同性恋的恐同内化:成因、影响及测量方式。 心理学进展, 6, 425-430. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.64056

 

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