心理学进展

Vol.6 No.1 (January 2016)

意志和眼动控制的关系
The Relationship between Will and Eye Movement Control

 

作者:

代小东 :北京联合大学师范学院,北京;首都师范大学教育学院,北京

毛荣建 :北京联合大学特教学院,北京

常 宝 :北京市海淀区双榆树第一小学,北京

徐 华 :北京联合大学师范学院,北京

 

关键词:

意志朝向眼跳反向眼跳反向眼跳代价Will Prosaccade Antisaccade Antisaccade Cost

 

摘要:

意志是指个体自觉地确定目的,并根据目的来支配、调节行动,克服各种困难,从而实现目的的心理过程。作为自我控制眼跳的一种,反向眼跳包括抑制优势(反射性或朝向)眼跳反应、产生眼跳计划和执行眼跳等过程。本研究采用眼动追踪和问卷测量相结合的方法探讨了意志和眼动控制的关系。结果表明:在重复条件下,意志力分数与反向眼跳代价呈负相关;在转换条件下,如果排除前一试次的影响,意志力分数与反向眼跳代价也呈负相关。这说明意志提高了反向眼跳成绩的实质是意志对抑制过程的促进作用。

Will is a psychological process which refers that the individual consciously sets goals, and according to the purpose to control, adjusts action, overcoming various difficulties, in order to achieve the purpose. As a kind of self control saccade, antisaccade includes inhibition of the advantage saccade (reflective or orientation), producing saccadic reaction plan and execution process of saccade. This study uses the combination of eye tracking and questionnaire survey method researching the relationship between the will and the eye movement control. The results show that: under the condition of repetition, will scores and antisaccade cost is negatively correlated; under the condition of switch, excluding the influence of the last trial, will scores and antisaccade cost also is negative correlation. It suggests that the essence that will improves antisaccade performance is the promotion that will does at the inhibition process.

文章引用:

代小东 , 毛荣建 , 常 宝 , 徐 华 (2016) 意志和眼动控制的关系。 心理学进展, 6, 16-27. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.61003

 

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