心理学进展

Vol.5 No.11 (November 2015)

大学生完美主义、焦虑和网瘾的关系研究
The Relationship among Perfectionism, Anxiety and Internet Addition of College Students

 

作者:

郝 萍 :西南大学心理学部,心理健康教育中心,重庆

 

关键词:

焦虑网瘾完美主义大学生Anxiety Internet Addition Perfectionism College Students

 

摘要:

本研究选取武汉、徐州、北海三个城市的三类高校的大学生584名为研究对象,采用网络成瘾量表(IAT)、Frost多维完美主义心理量表(FMPS)和状态—特质焦虑问卷(STAI-Form Y)来探讨大学生焦虑在完美主义与网瘾关系中的中介作用。其结果显示:1) 大学生完美主义各个维度在性别上均存在显著差异,在担心错误、个人标准、父母期望、父母批评、行动的疑虑方面,男生显著高于女生,在条理性方面,女生显著高于男生。2) 大学生网瘾在年级方面不存在显著差异,在性别和专业方面存在显著差异,男生网瘾程度显著高于女生,理科网瘾程度显著高于文科和工科。3) 大学生焦虑在性别、年级、专业方面均不存在显著差异。4) 大学生非适应完美主义担心出错、父母期望、父母批评、行动迟疑维度与网瘾显著相关,担心出错、父母批评对网瘾的贡献显著。5) 非适应完美主义的担心出错、父母期望、父母批评与状态焦虑和特质焦虑显著相关。结论:1) 大学生完美主义对网瘾有正向预测作用。2) 大学生焦虑在完美主义与网瘾关系中的中介作用不显著。

In order to study mediation effect of anxiety on relationship between perfectionism and internet addition in college students, 584 undergraduates in Wuhan, Xuzhou and Beihai were selected to be investigated by Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Questionnaire, Internet Addiction Test and State Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI-Form Y. The results are as follows. 1) College students of different genders are significantly different on perfectionism. Boys are significantly higher than girls on CM, PS, PE, PC and DA, but girls are significantly higher than boys on OR. 2) College students of different grades aren’t significantly different on internet addition. College students of different genders and professions are significantly different on internet addition. Boys are significantly higher than girls on internet addition; students of science are higher than arts students. 3) College students of different genders, grades or professions aren’t significantly different on state anxiety and trait anxiety. 4) CM, PE, PC and DA are significantly related to internet addition. CM and PE can predict internet addition. 5) Dimension of perfectionism is significantly related to state anxiety and trait anxiety. We can make conclusions that college students’ perfectionism can positively predict internet addition, and mediation effect of anxiety on relationship between perfectionism and internet addition in college students is not significant.

文章引用:

郝 萍 (2015) 大学生完美主义、焦虑和网瘾的关系研究。 心理学进展, 5, 657-666. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.511085

 

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