Vol.5 No.6 (June 2015)
Facial Emotion Identify and Label Ability in Preschool Children
The most intuitive approach to determine a person’s mood is observing the facial expression. This research investigated the ability to identify and label human facial emotions on preschool children. 90 preschool children were recruited from one kindergarten in L city in Zhejiang Province, 30 in junior class, 30 in middle and 30 in senior class. In this study, 48 facial expression images were selected as stimuli. The study results indicated: 1) the preschool children have perfect performance on identify and label happiness expression, followed by facial expression on sadness and anger, surprise, fear, disgust; 2) compared with boys, girls are performed significantly better than boys on label task (p < 0.05); 3) preschool children has rapid development on facial expression recognition and label, in all four facial expression recognition task, senior class performed better than junior class, and the difference is very significant (p < 0.001); 4) there is no significant difference between Caucasian and Chinese picture, and there is no significant differences between identifying task and labeling task in the performance on preschool children.
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