心理学进展

Vol.5 No.6 (June 2015)

残疾人心理状态量表编制与检验
The Psychological State of Disabled Persons Scale Developing and Testing

 

作者:

张绍兴 :天津行政学院,天津

孙延林 :天津体育学院,天津

 

关键词:

残疾人心理状态量表信度效度Disabled People Mental Status Scale Reliability Validity

 

摘要:

残疾人心理状态量表根据对相关专家、残疾人工作者的访谈及部分残疾人的座谈,结合残疾人的心理特点及现有的相关问卷,初步编写了50条目的问卷,正式测验前请有关专家和部分残疾人对题目反复讨论,删除9条存在歧义的测验题目,最终保留符合问卷要求的题目41条。对天津市市内六区的504名残疾人进行预测,采用主成分因素分析和正交极大方差旋转对项目进行分析。对相关系数小于0.50的题目予以删除。经过项目分析后,问卷保留29项题目。研究结论:1) 残疾人心理状态量表由7个因子构成:自我贬抑、社会适应、职业满意、自我悦纳、积极调整、焦虑、心里平衡度;2) 残疾人心理状态量表的信度为0.813;各因子与测评问卷总分之间存在0.55~0.86的中等程度的相关,各因子之间存在0.11~0.49的中低程度的相关;3) 残疾人心理状态量表具有良好的信度和结构效度。

According to the discussion of relevant experts, disabled workers author interviews and partially disabled, combined with the psychological characteristics of the disabled and the existing related questionnaire, initially programmed a 50 item questionnaire, officially test before please relevant experts and people of topic discussed repeatedly, remove ambiguity of the questions in a test in 9, eventually to keep in line with questionnaire asked the question 41 to psychological status of persons with disabilities form. The 504 districts of six districts in Tianjin city were predicted by the principal component factor analysis and orthogonal maximum variance rotation to analyze the project. Delete the questions that are less than 0.50 of the correlation coefficient. After the project analysis, the questionnaire retained 29 topics. Conclusions: 1) disabled mental state table is com-posed of 7 factors: self deprecating, social adaptation, job satisfaction, self Yue Na, actively adjust, anxiety, heart balance degree; 2) psychological status of persons with disabilities scale reliability was 0.813; there 0.55 to 0.86 for the moderate degree of each factor between 0.11 - 0.49 at low le-vels of related between each factor and the Evaluation Questionnaire total score; 3) disabled mental state table has a good reliability and structural validity.

文章引用:

张绍兴 , 孙延林 (2015) 残疾人心理状态量表编制与检验。 心理学进展, 5, 348-354. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.56046

 

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