应用物理

Vol.5 No.4 (April 2015)

Rb-H2(N2)系统中的振动碰撞能量弛豫
Experimental Evaluation of Vibrational Relaxation Energy Transfer in Rb-H2(N2) Mixture

 

作者:

岳 江 , 刘百慧 , 范鸿梅 , 戴 康 , 刘 静 :新疆大学物理科学与技术学院,新疆 乌鲁木齐

 

关键词:

碰撞能量转移弛豫速率系数有效寿命多量子弛豫Collisional Energy Transfer Relaxation Rate Coefficient Effective Life Multiquantum Relaxation

 

摘要:

激光激发Rb原子至高位振动态,与H2反应生成RbH (X1Σ+,v" = 0)分子。利用简并受激超拉曼泵浦激发RbH (X1Σ+ v" = 17~20)高位振动态。实验研究高位振动态RbH分子与H2(N2)的碰撞弛豫传能过程。利用时间分辨荧光光谱得到RbH (X1Σ+ v" = 17~20)的弛豫率,测量不同气压下各振动能级有效寿命,由Stern- Volmer公式得到RbH分子v" = 17~20与H2的碰撞弛豫速率系数。充入不同配比的N2和H2混合气体,由类似方法计算了RbH (X1Σ+ v" = 17~20)与N2的碰撞弛豫速率系数。由LIF光强随探测延迟时间的演化关系给出了RbH与H2碰撞v" = 17→10和RbH与N2碰撞v" = 20→15的多量子弛豫实验证据。

Rb-H2 mixture was irradiated with pulses of 420.4nm radiation from a DYE laser. The vibrational levels of RbH(Х1Σ+ v" = 0 - 2) generated in the reaction of Rb(6P) and H2. Highly vibrationally excited RbH(X1Σ+ v" = 17 - 20) were prepared using degenerate stimulated hyper-Raman pumping. An experimental study of vibrational relaxation energy transfer in RbH(X1Σ+ v" = 17 - 20)-H2(N2) collisions and their vibrational relaxation rate coefficients had been performed. A CW laser was used to probe the prepared vibrational state. The decay signal of laser induced time-resolved flu-orescence from A1Σ+(v')→Х1Σ+(v") transition was monitored. Based on the Stern-Volmer equation, the total relaxation rate coefficient kv"(H2) had been yielded. The total pressure of H2-N2 mixture was constant and the α(mole fraction N2) changed. The values of kv"(N2) were obtained in a similar method. The direct experimental evidence of multiquantum relaxation was prepared by time pro-files of relative intensity of RbH v" = 17, 20. The initial population for RbH (v" = 17, 20) was relaxed to much lower vibrational levels (Δv = −7 and Δv= −5).

文章引用:

岳 江 , 刘百慧 , 范鸿梅 , 戴 康 , 刘 静 (2015) Rb-H2(N2)系统中的振动碰撞能量弛豫。 应用物理, 5, 39-45. doi: 10.12677/APP.2015.54006

 

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