心理学进展

Vol.5 No.4 (April 2015)

原型启发思维能力与蔡格尼克效应以及创造性倾向的关系
The Relation between Creative Thinking Ability in Prototype Elicitation, Zeigarnik Effect and Creative Personality

 

作者:

郭亚男 :西南大学心理学部,重庆

 

关键词:

蔡格尼克效应原型启发思维能力创造性倾向顿悟创造性Zeigarnik Effect Creative Thinking Ability in Prototype Elicitation Creative Personality Insight Creativity

 

摘要:

以20个科学发明创造问题为实验材料,采用“测试10个问题–学习10个问题”以及“测试–回忆”两个阶段的实验范式,考察原型启发中启发思维能力(高、低原型启发思维能力)与蔡格尼克效应以及创造性倾向的关系,结果发现:1) 蔡格尼克效应差异显著,原型启发思维能力强的被试蔡格尼克效应更明显;2) 解决科学问题时,有原型材料的情况下出现了原型启发效应,且原型启发思维能力与创造性倾向是相关的;3) 人格中的创造性倾向会影响到个体对于科学发明创造问题的敏感性,创造性倾向越高的被试敏感性越高,问题解决的正确率也越高。

Based on the “prototype elicitation” theory, the goal of the research was to examine whether a re-lation exists between the Zeigarnik effect and creative thinking ability in prototype elicitation. This study selected 20 scientific inventions-creations problems as the material and adopted the “10 vs 10” learning and testing experimental paradigm as well as “testing-recalling” experimental paradigm. The result showed that: 1) the Zeigarnik effect is more evident for participants with high creative thinking ability than the low ones; 2) the creative personality will affect people’s sensitivity for creative problems, and the one with high sensitivity can solve more problems; 3) prototype elicitation effect occurred when heuristic information was offered in creative problem solving.

文章引用:

郭亚男 (2015) 原型启发思维能力与蔡格尼克效应以及创造性倾向的关系。 心理学进展, 5, 145-253. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.54034

 

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