心理学进展

Vol.5 No.4 (April 2015)

师范院校大学生性别角色、人际关系及相关性研究
Studies on Gender Roles, Interpersonal Relationships and Correlation of Normal College Students

 

作者:

侯海娇 , 石金红 , 尹晓彤 , 蒋燕玲 , 王 建 :西南大学心理学部,重庆

 

关键词:

师范大学生性别角色人际关系Normal College Students Gender Roles Interpersonal Relationships

 

摘要:

为了解师范院校大学生在性别角色,人际关系两方面的基本情况,并进一步分析性别角色与人际关系之间的相关性,从而在此基础上为指引大学生的生活提供建议。本课题主要通过问卷调查法从三所高校分文科、理科、体育三个专业抽取241名被试学生进行调查。调查性别角色状况采用的是Bem编制的《贝姆性别角色量表》,调查人际关系状况采用的是郑日昌等人编制的《人际关系综合诊断量表》。结果表明师范院校大学生的性别角色类型分布不均衡.呈现出明显的男性化、女性化、双性化和未分化四种类型;目前大学生人际关系状况总体良好;四种性别角色在人际关系各维度上的表现存在显著差异,双性化个体的表现明显优于女性化个体和未分化个体,双性化是较佳的人格模式。我们鼓励大学生发挥自身性别角色类型的优势,培养双性化人格,提高人际交往能力,建立和谐的人际关系。

Object: To study the gender roles and interpersonal relationships of normal college students, and further analyze the correlation between gender roles and interpersonal relationships, so as to offer advices for the life of college students. Two hundred and forty one normal university students were surveyed with BSRI and Harmonious Human Relationship Scale. Results: It was showed that there are four different types: androgyny, masculinity, feminity and undifferentiation, and there are significant differences in the four dimensions among students. The present state of normal college students' interpersonal relationships is good in general. Four kinds of gender roles in each dimension of interpersonal relationships have significant differences. Students of androgyny per-form better than students of feminine and undifferentiation; androgyny is a better model of per-sonality. We suggest that college students should play the advantages of their own gender role types, cultivate androgyny personality, improve interpersonal competence and build harmonious human relations.

文章引用:

侯海娇 , 石金红 , 尹晓彤 , 蒋燕玲 , 王 建 (2015) 师范院校大学生性别角色、人际关系及相关性研究。 心理学进展, 5, 227-235. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.54032

 

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