心理学进展

Vol.5 No.2 (February 2015)

物体识别中颜色诊断性影响的实验研究述评
Review on the Studies of Influence of Color Diagnosticity on Object Recognition

 

作者:

李 莹 , 张 莹 :郑州大学心理学系,河南,郑州

 

关键词:

颜色诊断性物体识别物体识别任务物体类别范畴Color Diagnosticity Object Recognition Object Recognition Task Object Category

 

摘要:

视觉系统是通过物体的多种特征包括形状、方位、颜色、质地以及其他属性来识别物体的。通过总结过往研究发现,颜色诊断性作为物体颜色的核心特征对于物体识别中颜色信息的影响起到了关键作用。物体颜色诊断性的差异会直接决定颜色信息是否能够影响物体的识别。并且,不同实证研究中对于颜色诊断性的操作定义、物体识别任务和物体类别范畴等重要实验变量的控制差异,是导致过往物体识别相关研究中颜色作用不一致的重要原因。在未来的研究中应进一步考虑到这些因素的影响以及进一步关注自然情境下颜色信息对物体识别的影响和脑成像技术在这一领域中的独特作用。

Our vision system recognize objects by various features of the object, including shape, orientation, color, texture as well as other properties. Based on the conclusions of previous researches we found that color diagnosticity as the core character of object color information has crucial influence on object recognition. Difference of color diagnosticity can decide whether color information has effect on object recognition. Besides, in different researches, the operational definition of color diagnosticity, tasks of object recognition and object categories are usually manipulated differently, which lead to the divergence of the role of color information in object recognition. Future studies should take all these experimental variables into consideration, and pay more attention to the effect of color information on object identification and the unique function of brain image in this field.

文章引用:

李 莹 , 张 莹 (2015) 物体识别中颜色诊断性影响的实验研究述评。 心理学进展, 5, 75-83. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.52011

 

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