Vol.5 No.2 (February 2015)
The Interdecadal Variation of Independent Self-Construals and Interdependent Self-Construals of Chinese
Objective: As the development of the society and economic, the value orientation of Chinese is constantly changing, too. This kind of change will affect the self-construals of Chinese. The aim of this paper is to explore whether there is difference in independent self-construals and interdependent self-construals of different generations in China. Methods: Through the way of household surveys, we investigated the 13 counties of Guangdong province in 2010. In 2013, we expanded the scope of household surveys and investigated the condition of self-construals of 119 counties in six provinces including Liaoning, Jiangxi, Hubei, Guangdong, Gansu and Shanxi. Results: Statistics results with ANOVA and hierarchical regression indicated that the difference between different generations in independent self-construals is significant but there is no significant difference between different generations in interdependent self-construals. Conclusion: The independent self- construals are stronger and stronger over different generations, but the interdependent self-cons- truals remain the same in different generations.
徐 江 , 任孝鹏 , 苏 红 (2015) 中国人独立性自我构建和依存性自我构建的代际变迁。 心理学进展， 5， 67-74. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.52010
 成艾华, 姚上海 (2005). 农民工的代际差异分析. 统计与决策, 20期, 61-63.
 刘艳 (2011). 自我建构研究的现状与展望. 心理科学进展, 3期, 427-439.
 王裕豪, 袁庆华, 徐琴美 (2008). 自我建构量表(SCS)中文版的初步试用. 中国临床心理学杂志, 6期, 602-604.
 于长永 (2012). 农民“养儿防老”观念的代际差异及转变趋向. 人口学刊, 6期, 40-50.
 Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2004). Individualism-collectivism and social capital. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 29-49.
 Brewer, M. B., & Gardner, W. (1996). Who is this “we”? Levels of collec-tive identity and self representations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 83-93.
 Cao, J. X. (2009). The analysis of tendency of transition from collectivism to individualism in China. Cross-cultural Communication, 5, 42-50.
 Egri, C. P., & Ralston, D. A. (2004). Generation cohorts and personal values: A comparison of China and the United States. Organization Science, 15, 210-220.
 Hofstede, G. H. (2003). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 861-862.
 Houston, J. M., Edge, H., Anderson, L. E., Lesmana, C. B. J., & Suryani, L. K. (2012). Competitiveness and individualism-collectivism in bali and the US. North American Journal of Psychology, 14, 163-174.
 Imada, T. (2010). Cultural narratives of individualism and collectivism: A content analysis of textbook stories in the United States and Japan. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43, 576-591.
 Kitayama, S. (2011). Culture, mind, and the brain: Current evidence and future directions. Annual Review in Psychology, 62, 419-449.
 Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224-253.
 Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (2010). Cultures and selves: A cycle of mutual constitution. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 420-430.
 Markus, H. R., & Wurf, E. (1987). The dynamic self-concept: A social psychological perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 38, 299-337.
 Singelis, T. M. (1994). The measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 580-591.
 Talhelm, T., Zhang, X., Oishi, S., Shimin, C., Duan, D., Lan, X., & Kitayama, S. (2014). Large-scale psychological differences within China explained by rice versus wheat agriculture. Science, 344, 603-608.
 Twenge, J. M., Abebe, E. M., & Campbell, W. K. (2010). Fitting in or standing out: Trends in American parents’ choices for children’s names, 1880-2007. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 19-25.