心理学进展

Vol.5 No.1 (January 2015)

认知负荷理论综述
A Review of Cognitive Load Theory

 

作者:

安其梅 , 吴 红 :贵州师范大学教育科学学院,贵阳

 

关键词:

认知负荷认知负荷理论工作记忆图式Cognitive Load Cognitive Load Theory Working Memory Schema

 

摘要:

认知负荷理论是认知心理学经久不衰的话题,它是指在一个特定的作业时间内施加于个体认知系统的心理活动总量(Sweller, 1988),对有关复杂任务学习中认知资源的优化和充分利用的问题。笔者通过对认知负荷理论相关文献的梳理,对认知负荷理论的内涵、结构模型、分类、特点进行了阐述。最后,综合国内外对该理论的研究,陈述了认知负荷理论研究的现状与展望,以期给读者带来进一步思考与启发。

Cognitive load theory is the eternal topic of cognitive psychology. It is the amount of mental activity imposed on the individual cognitive system in a specific operation time (Sweller, 1988) and is to optimize and make full use of the relevant cognitive resources in complex task learning. The au- thor, through the analysis of related literature on cognitive load theory, describes the connotation, structure model, classification and features. Finally, by combining a comprehensive domestic and foreign research to this theory, this paper states the present situation and prospect of the study on the cognitive load theory, in order to bring further thinking and inspiration to the readers.

文章引用:

安其梅 , 吴 红 (2015) 认知负荷理论综述。 心理学进展, 5, 50-55. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.51007

 

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