应用物理

Vol.4 No.12 (December 2014)

光干涉的历史性误解
Historical Misinterpretation of Light Interference

 

作者:

陈光冶 :上海交通大学,船舶结构、海洋与建筑工程学院,上海

 

关键词:

光干涉能量守恒光本质单光子干涉Light Interference Energy Conservation Light Essence Single Photon Interfere

 

摘要:

光干涉图样解释为入射光波叠加的强度分布已有几个世纪。然而,本文中证明,此解释不符合事实:光干涉图样表示接收屏散射光或光电器件的光电流的相对强度分布。通过对两种典型干涉的分析,文中还证明,波叠加解释还导致违背能量守恒定律。文中提出了一个实验判决方案。我们的结论是,光不以任何波的形式进行干涉,特别是,单个光子绝不自行干涉;光本质上与波没有关系。

Light interference pattern has been interpreted as the intensity distribution of the superposed in-cident light waves for centuries. But we show in this paper, this interpretation is inconsistent with the fact that the interference pattern represents the relative intensity distribution of the scattering lights from a screen or that of the electric current in a photoelectric device. Through analyses for two typical cases of interference, we also show that the wave interpretation leads to violation of the law of energy conservation. An experimental scheme is proposed for verification. We conclude that, light never interferes in any wave and that in particular single photon never interferes itself; light is essentially not relevant to wave.

文章引用:

陈光冶 (2014) 光干涉的历史性误解。 应用物理, 4, 189-194. doi: 10.12677/APP.2014.412023

 

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