心理学进展

Vol.4 No.6 (November 2014)

医学生主观幸福感的发展状况及影响因素
Developmental Characteristics and Influence Factors of the Subjective Well-Being of Medical College Students

 

作者:

侯永梅 , 张伊婷 :广东医学院人文与管理学院心理学系,湛江

 

关键词:

医学生主观幸福感大五人格模型心理控制源问卷调查Medical Student Subjective Well-Being Five-Factor Model of Personality Locus of Control Questionnaire Survey

 

摘要:

目的:探讨医学本科生主观幸福感的发展特点及其影响因素。方法:在广东省内随机抽取426名本科生,采用主观幸福感量表、大五人格量表和罗特的内在–外在心理控制源量表对他们进行测试。结果:人口学变量中的专业和经济状况、大五人格中的外倾性、神经质、开放性等三个维度和心理控制源总分对主观幸福感具有预测作用。专业前景好、经济状况好、内控的归因、高外倾性、高开放性和低神经质的个体主观幸福感较高。结论:医学本科生的主观幸福感是一个多维的、复杂的心理现象,各个影响因素的作用机制有待进一步。

Objective: To find out the developmental characteristics and influencing factors of subjective well- being in medical college. Methods: A total of 426 medical college students who were sampled ran-domly from Guangdong were assessed with satisfaction with life scale and positive affect and neg-ative affect scale. The data showed that: 1) profession and personal family economic income can influence SWB; 2) locus of control influences SWB; 3) the 3 dimensions of E (extraversion), N (neuroticism) and O (openness to experience) in the big five-factor model of personality are im-portant influenced factors of SWB.

文章引用:

侯永梅 , 张伊婷 (2014) 医学生主观幸福感的发展状况及影响因素。 心理学进展, 4, 841-848. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.46109

 

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