心理学进展

Vol.4 No.5 (September 2014)

大学生记忆参照效应及孤独感对其影响初探
The Memory-Reference Effect of College Students and Preliminary Seeing the Role of Loneliness in It

 

作者:

周美玲 , 杨沙沙 , 张茜 , 陈健芷 , 王权红 :西南大学心理学部,重庆

 

关键词:

自我参照效应朋友参照效应孤独感R/K判断Self-Reference Effect Friend-Reference Effect Loneliness R/K Judgment

 

摘要:

运用自我参照研究中的R/K判断范式与UCLA孤独量表(第三版),采用2(孤独程度) × 3(参照条件)双因素实验设计,检验大学生的自我参照效应、朋友参照效应和自我包括朋友模型,初步探讨孤独感对大学生记忆参照效应的影响。结果显示:参照条件的主效应显著,自我参照大于朋友参照、鲁迅参照,朋友参照大于鲁迅参照,即大学生表现出自我参照效应和朋友参照效应,体现了自我编码、朋友编码的优势;但并未充分表现出自我包括朋友模型,一定程度上反映了大学生自我发展中的独立性;孤独感与参照条件的交互作用不显著,表明大学生表现出较为稳定的记忆参照模式。

The research adopted the R/K paradigm and the UCLA Loneliness Scale (the third edition) within a 2 (the degree of loneliness) ×3 (the condition of reference) two-factor design to test the self-ref- erence effect, the friend-reference effect, whether the self included friends of college students, and preliminarily tried to investigate whether the loneliness had an impact on memory-reference. Ac-cording to the results, we could come to the conclusion that the main effect of the reference-con- dition was significant such that the self-reference condition was higher than the friend-reference condition or the LuXun-reference condition, and the friend-reference condition was higher than the LuXun-reference condition, which meant that there were self-reference effect & the friend-ref- erence effect and reflected the advantage of self-reference coding and friend-reference coding; but it could not prove the model that the self included friends fully, which suggested college students were independent in the development of self; the interaction between the memory-reference and the loneliness was not significant, which meant the mode of the memory-reference was stable on some degree.

文章引用:

周美玲 , 杨沙沙 , 张茜 , 陈健芷 , 王权红 (2014) 大学生记忆参照效应及孤独感对其影响初探。 心理学进展, 4, 700-707. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.45093

 

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