心理学进展

Vol.4 No.4 (July 2014)

表达性写作的治疗效果研究
Study on the Effect of Expressive Writing

 

作者:

应梦珍 , 胡 瑜 :温州大学心理与行为研究所,温州

 

关键词:

表达性写作治疗效果被试间设计Expressive Writing Treatment Effect Between-Subjects Design

 

摘要:

“表达性写作”是表达自身情绪的一种方法,它要求当事人写出关于自身的创伤经历的认识和情感。本研究采用被试间设计,以性别、写作时间、写作类型为自变量,量表前后测增值为因变量,通过对154名有效被试进行研究,获得了表达性写作的治疗效果的差异性分析。结果发现,1) 表达性写作的治疗效果存在性别差异:男性优于女性;2) 表达性写作的治疗效果在写作类别上有显著差异:与创伤经历相关的写作优于无关写作;3) 表达性写作的治疗效果在写作总时间上存在显著差异:写作时间80分钟以下优于80分钟以上;4) 性别与写作时间存在交互作用:女性写作80分钟以上效果最好;5) 写作时间与写作类型存在交互作用:写作80分钟以下与创伤经历有关的治疗效果在负性情绪上最佳;6) 性别、写作时间和写作类型存在交互作用:女性写作80分钟以上与创伤经历相关的治疗效果最佳。

Expressive writing is a way to express their emotions, which requires the understanding of the parties to write about their traumatic experiences and emotions. This research adopts the between- subjects design; taking gender, writing time and writing type as independent variables, scale before and after the test value as the dependent variable, based on 154 valid subjects for research, it obtained the expressive writing difference analysis of curative effect. The result shows that 1) the curative effects of expressive writing are different in gender: men are superior to women; 2) the curative effects of expressive writing had remarkable difference in the writing category: the writing related to traumatic experiences is better than writing irrelated; 3) the treatment effects differ in the total time of writing: writing time under 80 minutes is better than that of more than 80 minutes; 4) the gender has interaction with writing time: the female with more than 80-minute writing has the best effect; 5) the writing time interacts with writing types: the writing under 80 minutes with the treatment effect of traumatic experiences is the best on the negative mood; 6) there is interaction among gender, type and time: the treatment of women who write more than 80 minutes about traumatic experiences works best.

文章引用:

应梦珍 , 胡 瑜 (2014) 表达性写作的治疗效果研究。 心理学进展, 4, 649-656. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.44087

 

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