化学工程与技术

Vol.4 No.2 (March 2014)

微波助离子液体中铜–铈共掺杂TiO2光催化剂的制备及微波强化光催化活性
Preparation of Copper and Cerium Co-Doped TiO2 Photo-Catalysts with Microwave Irradiation in Ionic Liquid and Microwave Enhanced Photo-Catalytic Activity

 

作者:

王雷清 , 毕先钧 :云南师范大学化学化工学院,昆明

张桂琴 :云南农业职业技术学院畜牧兽医系,昆明

 

关键词:

微波离子液体铜–铈共掺杂二氧化钛光催化剂微波强化Microwave Ionic Liquid Copper and Cerium Co-Doped TiO2 Photo-Catalysts Microwave Enhancement

 

摘要:

[Bmim]PF6离子液体中,用微波辐射干燥的方法制备了铜铈共掺杂纳米二氧化钛光催化剂TiO2-Cu-Ce,用IRXRDSEMBET对催化剂进行了表征。通过测试催化剂TiO2-Cu-Ce对甲基橙溶液的微波(MV)、紫外(UV)、微波紫外(MV-UV)三种条件下的降解率,着重考察了微波加热功率、微波加热时间、煅烧温度、煅烧时间及铜和铈掺杂量等因素对TiO2-Cu-Ce催化活性的影响。结果表明,掺杂物质硝酸铜和硝酸铈与钛酸丁酯的物质的量之比分别为n(Cu)/n(Ti) = 0.025n(Ce)/n(Ti) = 0.050,在微波功率为210 W时干燥20 min,再在高温箱式电阻炉中于500下煅烧2 h,所制得的TiO2-Cu-Ce催化剂具有较高的光催化活性;MWUVMW-UV三种降解条件下,TiO2-Cu-Ce对甲基橙的降解率分别为6.89%96.91%99.85%;并且在三种降解条件下,甲基橙降解率始终是:MW-UV > UV > MW。这表明在紫外光照条件下,微波辐射具有强化TiO2-Cu-Ce催化剂降解甲基橙的作用。催化剂结构分析表明,TiO2中掺入铜和铈后制得的催化剂,具有粒径均匀,比表面积、孔容、平均孔径和半孔宽均较大等特点,这也是TiO2-Cu-Ce催化剂具有较高的光催化活性的主要原因

Copper and cerium co-doped TiO2 photo-catalyst TiO2-Cu-Ce were obtained using titanium tetrabut-oxide as a precursor in [Bmim]PF6 ionic liquids which were prepared by microwave irradiation at room temperature. The crystal structure of catalytic samples were measured and characterized by XRD, IR, SEM, BET with the related analysis software. Catalytic degradation reaction could be quantified in terms of methyl orange with microwave irradiation (MW), ultraviolet lamp light (UV), and microwave irradiation‑ultraviolet lamp light (MW-UV). The results indicated that the optimized conditions of copper and cerium co-doped TiO2 were prepared at an n(Cu)/n(Ti) ratio 0.025, n(Ce)/n(Ti) ratio 0.050, dried in microwave with the power of 210 W for 20 min and calcined at 500˚C for 2 h. When the catalyst used to degrade methyl orange, the degradation rates of methyl orange under MW, UV and MW-UV were respectively 6.89%, 96.91%, 99.85%. Moreover, the degradation rate of methyl orange with MW-UV was all along the highest under the three degradation conditions, which indicated the microwave irradiation had the strengthening effect for degradation of methyl orange when TiO2-Cu-Ce used as the photo-catalyst. Structure analysis of catalyst showed that the main reason for the higher photo-catalytic activity was that TiO2-Cu-Ce had got higher surface area, almost similar particle size, larger total pore volume and wider average pore size.

文章引用:

王雷清 , 张桂琴 , 毕先钧 (2014) 微波助离子液体中铜–铈共掺杂TiO2光催化剂的制备及微波强化光催化活性。 化学工程与技术, 4, 17-28. doi: 10.12677/HJCET.2014.42004

 

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