心理学进展

Vol.42.asp; No.11&12 (March 2014)

道德补偿模型:道德决策跨时间的动态平衡
Compensatory Ethics Model: A Dynamic Equilibrium of Moral Decision Making Overtime

 

作者:

古晓花 , 段锦云 :苏州大学教育学院,苏州

袁昌兵 , 魏秋江 :苏州大学文正学院,苏州

 

关键词:

道德补偿道德许可道德洁净自我形象动态平衡Compensatory ethics Moral Licensing Moral Cleansing Self-Image Dynamic Equilibrium

 

摘要:

生活中常见同一个体或组织的道德决策前后缺乏一致性。前次做出道德决策者,下次更可能做出不道德决策,而先前做出不道德决策者,随后可能又做出道德决策,这种道德决策跨时间上下波动的模式即为道德补偿模型。补偿模型可视为许可效应和洁净效应的联动机制,因道德自我价值的调节而发生作用。未来可进一步探究道德认同对道德补偿的影响,以及该模型可拓展到哪些行为决策领域,如何避免补偿效应的消极作用等。

One’s prior moral behavior is not always consistent with his subsequent behavior in our life. Compensatory ethics model, which draws on a series of decisions, indicates that early ethical decisions lead to subsequent unethical choices and that early unethical decisions lead to subsequent ethical choices, namely peoples behavior is usually negatively correlated to what they did previously. This can be seemed as moral licensing and moral cleaning acts in succession, and moral self-worth is one of the gauges that indicate which action is needed. The influence of moral identity and the domains can be extended, and the way avoiding the negative effect of compensatory ethics should be discussed in the future.

文章引用:

古晓花 , 段锦云 , 袁昌兵 , 魏秋江 (2014) 道德补偿模型:道德决策跨时间的动态平衡。 心理学进展, 4, 210-216. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.42032

 

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