心理学进展

Vol.3 No.6 (November 2013)

SNARC效应形成机制的研究进展
Advances in Formation Mechanism of the SNARC Effect

 

作者:

韩雅倩 , 程晓荣 , 定险峰 , 范 炤 :青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室,武汉;华中师范大学心理学院,武汉

 

关键词:

SNARC效应阅读与书写习惯具身认知工作记忆The SNARC Effect Reading and Writing Habits Embodied Cognition Working Memory

 

摘要:

“空数字的反应编码联合效应(Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes, 简称SNARC效应)是指在数字判断任务中,被试按左侧键对小数的反应快于按右侧键对小数的反应,而按右侧键对大数的反应要快于按左侧键对大数的反应。SNARC效应自Dehaene(1993)发现以来,虽已有大量证据证明其普遍存在性,但其仍存在很大的灵活性。本文主要从阅读与书写习惯、具身认知以及工作记忆三个方面对SNARC效应的形成机制进行了简单回顾,但其可能都不是SNARC效应产生的本质,SNARC效应有可能只是SQUARC (Spatial-Quantity Association of Response Codes)效应的一个特例

Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effect specifically relates small magnitudes to the left hand side and larger magnitudes to the right hand side. Since Dehaene (1993) found the SNARC effect, there are a large number of evidences about its universality, but the SNARC effect is very unstable. The paper is mainly from three aspects to state the formation mechanism of the SNARC effect, which are reading and writing habits, embodied cognition and working memory. However, all of these may be not the nature of the SNARC effect. The SNARC effect is only a special case of the SQUARC (Spatial-Quantity Association of Response Codes) effect.

文章引用:

韩雅倩 , 程晓荣 , 定险峰 , 范 炤 (2013) SNARC效应形成机制的研究进展。 心理学进展, 3, 346-351. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.36052

 

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